20 PLANTS in DANGER of extinction in MEXICO - Names and photos

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Mexico falls within the countries considered megadiverse with more than 108,500 varieties of plants. However, agricultural activities, the deterioration and destruction of ecosystems, pollution or the presence of invasive species are factors that are threatening and endangering them. It is estimated that approximately 1,000 species of plants are at the highest risk of disappearing.

In this interesting article Green Ecologist article will be shown 20 endangered plants in Mexico, their names, location and photos.

Yarn Ball Biznaga or Mammillaria Herrerae

Between the Mexican plants in danger of extinction we found a biznaga, one of the species most related to this country. It's about the Biznaga ball of yarn or Mammillaria Herrerae, which is an endemic species, belonging to the Cactaceae family and is found distributed in a small area of Querétaro, its natural habitat being the desert. Is found in critical danger of extinction due to its extraction and illegal trade, being used as an ornamental plant. It is characterized by being an almost spherical cactus, with a diameter that can reach 3.5 m and have whitish fruits.

Here you can learn more Desert Plants.

Barrel of Gold or Echinocactus grusonii

The barrel of gold or Echinocactus grusonii it's a kind endemic to central Mexico belonging to the Cactaceae family. It is cataloged endangered in its natural habitat, although this is cultivated worldwide, after having been illegally extracted from its natural environment, for ornamental purposes.

Cocolmeca or Mexican Dioscorea

The cocolmeca or Mexican Dioscorea It belongs to the Dioscoreaceae family and is found in secondary forests at altitudes between 100-1,300 meters, in the territory of Oaxaca and Veracruz. Extraction and Illegal sale of this species, due to the interest in its medicinal and nutritional properties, has made it currently in danger of extinction.

Guadalupe palm or Brahea edulis

The palm of Guadalupe or Brahea edulis belongs to the Arecaceae family and is endemic to the guadeloupe island. In its natural habitat it is found in Danger of extinction Because of grazing and, in addition, there are also mice and rats that eat its fruits. However, although it is endangered in its natural habitat, it is a species cultivated for ornamental use outdoors.

Lennea viridiflora

The Lennea viridiflora It is a legume belonging to the Fabaceae family and its distribution goes from the border of Colombia to Mexico, thus spreading throughout Central America. This species is currently threatened by deforestation, with the aim of allocating the territory to agriculture and urbanization.

Image: Boldsystems

Mandrake or Turbinicarpus mandragora

The mandrake, biznaguita, stick or Turbinicarpus mandragora it is a phanerogamic species, endemic to Mexico of the Cactaceae family. Is found in critical hazard for its illegal collection. The populations of this species are very small, since in general they are solitary plants that are pollinated by different insects and ants.

Maguey de Nizanda or Agave nizandensis

The maguey from Nizanda or Agave nizandensis it's a kind endemic to Oaxaca, which grows in the low deciduous forest. It has a great ecological importance in carbon fixation and also prevents soil erosion. Is found in Danger of extinction since it faces the changes of use that the land undergoes on the part of the human beings.

King Fernando's Maguey or Agave nickelsiae

The King Fernando's maguey or Agave nickelsiae It is a perennial succulent that grows in the bushes of Coahuila, between 1,500 and 1,750 meters above sea level. The population of this species is decreasing, since its habitat is being destroyed, to allocate the land to commercial and residential development.

Image: Pinterest

Orchid of the clouds or Rossioglossum williamsianum

It is a species of the Orchidaceae family, it is found inhabiting mountain areas between 1,200 and 2,000 meters above sea level, for its development it needs cool temperatures, humidity and a large amount of sunlight, that is why it grows in the high branches of the trees. The orchid tiger of the clouds or Rossioglossum williamsianum is a endemic species of Mexico It is classified in Danger of extinction and the fact that its growth is slow, becomes a problem for it to prosper.

Image: Pinterest

Peyote meco or Pelecyphora aselliformis

The peyote meco or Pelecyphora aselliformis It is a native species of San Luis Potosí, it develops in areas between 1,800 and 2,400 meters above sea level, not extending more than 500 km2 . It is actually classified on the red list as a least concern, although the species is kept under protection due to its great ornamental value and its population in the wild is decreasing.

False peyote or Astrophytum asterias

The fake peyote or Astrophytum asterias It is a species native to Nuevo León and Tamaulipas, which belongs to the Cactaceae family. It is a cactus that it has no thorns and it is slow growing. It is in danger of extinction due to its uncontrolled harvesting for various purposes.

If you like cacti, here you can discover much more types of cacti.

Vanilla or Vanilla planifolia

The vanilla or Vanilla planifolia It is a plant that represents one of the most important crops in Mexico, since it is grown and exported to the rest of the world, thus generating a great economic benefit. However, in its natural habitat, this species is listed as endangered for the illegal collection and export.

Palma de Todos los Santos or Mexican Ceratozamia

Another example of Mexican plant species in danger of extinction is the Palma of All Saints or Mexican ceratozamia. It is a species that belongs to the Zamiaceae family and is endemic to the Mexican territory. Is found in Danger of extinction, since its habitat has undergone a change in the use of the land to be used for banana and coffee crops.

Gaussia gomez-pompae

The Gaussia gomez-pompae it's a kind of endemic palm tree of Mexico, It develops in the rocks of the states of Tabasco, Veracruz and Oaxaca. The degradation of its habitat means that this species is on the red list classified as vulnerable.

Image: Monaco Nature Encyclopedia

Hickel fir or Abies alba

The hickel fir or Abies alba is a conifer endemic to Mexico being able to find only in Oaxaca, Veracurz, Chiapas and Puebla. The red list classifies this coniferous tree as vulnerable species For 20 years now, luckily it is still preserved today.

Other plants in danger of extinction in Mexico

To finish, these are other Mexican plant species in danger of extinction:

  • The moss of the Sierra de Juárez o Acritodon nephophilus.
  • Guatemalan fir or Abies guatemalensis.
  • Mexican pistachio or Mexican pistacia.
  • Hesperalbizia or Albizia plurijuga.
  • Star cactus o Astrophytum ornatum.

In addition to knowing all these plants in danger of extinction in Mexico, we advise you to discover more species in similar situations with these other articles on 20 plants in danger of extinction and their causes and 17 plants in danger of extinction in Peru.

If you want to read more articles similar to Plants in danger of extinction in Mexico, we recommend that you enter our Biology category.

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