Thanks to microbiology, the knowledge of the different structures and composition of bacteria, as well as determining whether the bacteria are unicellular or multicellular, It has made it possible to better understand the relationships that bacteria have with the different organisms on the planet. Thus, the advancement of the science of microbiology together with medicine, have allowed the understanding and application of different mechanisms of action for the elaboration of antibiotics that allow to kill those bacteria that are harmful to both humans and the rest of animals and also for plant crops.
If you want to know the answer to the curious question: Are bacteria living beings?Continue reading this Green Ecologist article in which you will find all the information you need to learn more about these mysterious microorganisms.
Despite being invisible to the human eye and having structures and functions different from those of eukaryotic cells and multicellular organisms, science DOES recognize bacteria as living things. In fact, they are one of the most primitive groups of living beings, that is, they appeared at the beginning of the beginning of life on Earth.
Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms, consisting of a single cell of the prokaryotic type (from the Greek "pro", primitive and "karyotic", nucleus). The vast majority of bacteria are free-living, except those that are obligate intracellular. However, all of them have mechanisms that produce energy and genetic material, both necessary for their growth and development.
In the next section we will see more characteristics of these amazing microorganisms to learn how to differentiate them from other types of microorganisms and living beings. In addition, we recommend you read this other article by Green Ecologist about the Difference between viruses and bacteria.
As we have already seen in the previous section, bacteria are prokaryotic single-celled microorganisms but what other characteristics of bacteria We can observe?
The variety of bacteria families that exist in nature is really extensive and varied. In the next section we will see what types of bacteria exist and how we can group them.
By observing bacteria with different chemical colorations under the light microscope, it is possible to identify their structures and shapes. In this way, it is possible classify the types of bacteria as follows:
On the other hand, it is possible to differentiate two large groups of bacteria according to the environment in which they live and the absence / presence of peptidoglycan in their cell walls:
To get a closer look at some of the most abundant and well-known bacteria, let's look at some of the names of bacteria and the diseases they cause:
Despite all the disease-causing bacteria that we have seen in the previous section, there are also a large number of species of bacteria that create symbiosis and positive relationships with living beings. Learn more about What is symbiosis in ecology and biology with examples here.
Therefore, we can affirm that bacteria are living beings and good and bad microorganisms, according to the species of bacteria and its relationship with one or another living organism. Thus, within the beneficial symbiotic relationships in which some bacteria participate, we can highlight:
If you want to learn more about bacteria, you can also read this other article about the Monera Kingdom: what it is, characteristics, classification and examples, since bacteria and other living beings belong to this kingdom of nature.
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