Those who love ecology and curious who wish to know more information about the different ecosystems of our beloved planet cannot miss this complete article. From Ecologist Verde we have compiled all the information you should know about the marshes, a little-known but most interesting phenomenon.
Today in EcologyGreen, you'll learn what are the marshes and you will discover great curiosities about these picturesque ecosystems; from its definition to its characteristics, through its fauna and flora.
Marshes are those mixed ecosystems with high humidity levels that are inhabited, for the most part, by herbaceous plants that grow on and under the surface of the water. Marshes can be both saltwater and freshwater, so they can be formed by seas or rivers; Hence, most of them have brackish water (that mixed by both) and are generally located near the coast. You can discover more information about What is a mixed ecosystem in this other Green Ecologist article.
The marshes are very important both ecologically (for their rich fauna and flora) and on a human level, since they are used for cultivation. That is why marshes are one of the ecosystems most protected and admired of the world.
Due to the particularity of this type of ecosystem, few plant species are really prepared to overcome brackish water conditions. Most of these hardy and typical marsh plants are called halophytic plants. These come to withstand salt concentrations of up to 10%, which prevents the growth of other non-native plants.
However, in general we can highlight four large groups or vegetation formations of the marshes: the seagrass beds, the espartinales, the succulent communities and the shrubby halophilic communities. Among them are well-known plants, such as the black juniper, the mastic, the rockrose or the rosemary. Next, we will see some species more typical of this ecosystem:
Depending on the area where the marshes are, we will see different types of animals, from mammals to amphibians or invertebrates. The animals most present in these ecosystems, however, are birds. Many migratory species use the marshes to nest or regain strength during the trip, so it is common to see different types of birds in these marshy areas. The most common birds of these ecosystems are:
We can also find different types of invertebrates such as crabs, clams, mussels and snails. On the other hand, the most representative mammals in these areas are mice, rats, rabbits, wild boars, deer, lynx and even raccoons. It is also common to see fish such as salmon, barbel, sole and aligote.
Also, it is not at all strange to find cattle in the marshes; horses, cows, sheep and goats that feed on the plants of these lands. Many ranchers use marshes as a means of raising their livestock naturally, usually in order to obtain better results.
If you want to know more details about the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem: what it is and differences, do not hesitate to visit this other article.
If you want to read more articles similar to What are marshes, we recommend that you enter our Ecosystems category.