Our activity constantly generates garbage: regardless of the activity we develop, there is always a generation of waste behind it that must be treated in the most appropriate way to avoid causing greater damage to the environment, both avoiding that waste can be sources of contamination such as reintroducing materials on the market to reduce the extractive activity of new materials.
If you want to know what types of garbage are there According to different classification criteria, keep reading this article because at Ecologista Verde we explain everything to you.
This is the first classification that we are going to see, since it is the most important in the framework of a growing circular economy. As we have already seen in other posts, what we know as garbage can actually be raw materials if they are treated well. However, for this the garbage has to be recyclable. So, we can classify the types of garbage as recyclable and non-recyclable:
It is the type of garbage that can be recycled, to give it a longer useful life. For this, a series of conditions must be met:
If the above conditions are not met, we are dealing with non-recyclable garbage. In this case, incineration is usually used and its disposal in large landfills (incinerated or not incinerated). In the worst case, it will pass into the environment.
Most garbage is mixed to some degree. However, to study its composition we are going to assume that all materials are pure and this is how the types of garbage are classified according to their composition: organic waste and inorganic waste (metals, paper and cardboard, construction waste or rubble and plastics and packaging).
Learn more about What is organic and inorganic garbage with examples in this other article.
When we think of waste, what we generate in our homes usually comes to mind. However, human activity generates a large amount of waste in factories, quarries, etc., which are very different in nature from what we can find in a normal home. This is the classification of waste types according to their toxicity:
Non-toxic waste is the majority. They are wastes that do not cause significant damage to people's health and which, furthermore, have not been verified by studies that cause damage to the environment.
They are waste that does exert a harmful action on people's health and / or the environment. They are, for example, paints, sewage sludge, traces of chemical products (including agrochemicals), solvents, oils and other industrial waste … all these wastes are very difficult to recycle, and must be treated with great care so as not to cause further damage.
To distinguish toxic from non-toxic waste, we recommend consulting the European Waste List (commonly called "LER codes"). Toxic wastes are those that have an asterisk on the list.
The types of garbage containers depend largely on the local garbage management. However, here are the most common ones:
In this other article by Ecologist Verde we delve into the topic of What are the types of recycling containers, detailing their color and all the types of garbage that go in them.
Then we leave you other types of waste which are less known, but are also very important:
It is the garbage that is generated from electronic devices. It is highly sought after for its high-value metal content. In this other post we explain what to do with technological garbage. and in this other we show The impact of electronic waste: a huge ecological problem.
It is the garbage that is generated from satellites and other space units that become out of use. Many remain orbiting the Earth and are totally useless. Learn more about one of the lesser known types of garbage in this other article on What is space debris and how we can avoid it.
These are considered as hazardous waste. Although they are mostly organic, they are considered to have a high content of bacteria and other potentially infectious agents, as well as a high drug load, so their only outlet is incineration. They are generated mainly in health centers and research centers.
If you want to read more articles similar to Types of garbage, we recommend that you enter our Recycling and waste management category.