Renewable energies in Spain - Laws and situation

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Renewable energies are those that are based on the use of different natural resources, such as the sun, wind or water, as energy sources, since they are natural sources that are renewed unlimitedly. In addition, since they are energies that lack the use of fossil fuels, they have a much lower environmental impact, since they do not produce serious pollutants such as those that come from dirty, polluting or non-renewable energies. For this reason, renewable energies are known as green energies, alternatives to energies based on the use of fossil fuels, which seriously damage the environment through the waste they generate.

If you would like to be able to join the use of clean energies for the consumption of your home in your business, do not hesitate to continue reading this interesting article by Green Ecologist in which we discuss the issue of renewable energies in Spain, speaking of the laws and the current situation.

What are renewable energies

By way of summary, as we have already indicated in the introduction, we can say that renewable energies are those that come from energy sources or natural resources that are renewed by their normal cycle in an unlimited way. In addition, they hardly pollute and are also known as green or clean, the opposite of non-renewable or dirty energies. The main renewable energies are:

  • Wind power.
  • Solar energy.
  • Geothermal energy.
  • Hydraulic or hydroelectric energy.
  • Seawater energy.
  • Wave energy.

To learn more about them, do not hesitate to consult the information offered in these Green Ecologist posts.

  • What are renewable energies.
  • Renewable and non-renewable energies: examples and summary.

The European Union and renewable energies

In the year 2022, the European Union agreement on Directive 2022/2001 on the promoting the use of energy from renewable sources, which must be applied by the member states, no later than June 30, 2022.

With these regulations, some key objectives to be met by 2030, which are:

  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40%, establishing for this an obligation to reduce these emissions, equivalent to 43% compared to 2005, to the sectors included in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), and 30% for non-sectors. included in that category.
  • Increase the share of renewable energies by 32%, for which, a clause has been established by virtue of which, a review of the quota will be carried out for the year 2023.
  • Increase energy efficiency improvement by 32.5%As in the previous case, the directive contemplates a review for the year 2023.

To contribute to achieving the objectives established in the aforementioned directive, fulfilling the commitments adopted in the Paris Agreement, the EU has adopted a series of rules regarding monitoring and notification among member states, in order to promote transparency of the governments of the member states regarding the application of the directive through the improvement of legislation, including citizen consultations[1].

You can consult more about the Paris Agreement: what it consists of, countries and objectives in this other Green Ecologist article.

Current situation of renewable energies in Spain

Spain has been a country that has always been characterized by having a high energy dependence on fossil fuels, reaching its historical maximum in 2008, with a percentage of 81.3%. Although it is true that this figure has been decreasing in recent years, this country's energy dependence continues to be very high, standing at 73.4% in 2022, which places it almost twenty points above the European average. . However, and on a positive note, it is in 2022 when the positive change occurs in favor of renewable energies. According to the Environmental Profile of Spain (PAE) carried out in 2022 and presented in Madrid in November of that same year, an increase in energy from renewable sources of 18.6% was indicated compared to 2022, according to data from Red Eléctrica of Spain, which implies a proportion of electricity from renewable sources of 38.4%, the PAE is a study that is carried out annually, complying with the obligation established in the Aarhus Convention, whose objective is to share information environmental, where each indicator is described with respect to its link to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals established in the United Nations 2030 Agenda.

To encourage the production of energy from renewable sources to continue to increase, and based on achieving the provisions of Directive 2022/2001, the Council of Ministers, at the proposal of the Ministry for Ecological Transition, approved the following Royal Decree:

Royal Decree 17/2019 of November 22, which adopts urgent measures for the necessary adaptation of remuneration parameters that affect the electricity system and which responds to the process of cessation of activity of thermal generation plants, thus beginning the transition to ensure that Spain has an emissions-neutral energy system, which allows it to achieve the objectives set for 2030.

This Royal Decree-Law includes two measures considered urgent, which will favor a socially just energy transition and that we quote below:

  • Concession of evacuation access to the network: for this, the norm establishes that procedures and requirements may be regulated so that social criteria are taken into account (including the potential for job creation) and also criteria related to the environment, to when granting access concessions to renewable energy projects.
  • Concession for the use of waters associated with closed power plants: this measure establishes that it may be decided to grant a new concession for the use of these waters, also taking into account the criteria described in the previous measure.

The aforementioned regulation establishes measures for the use of resources, as well as the reasonable profitability value applicable to the renewable energy facilities (We recommend you consult this other article about How to install solar panels). It also updates the financial remuneration rate in the production of electrical energy, reducing it to 5.58% between the years 2022 and 2025 (the last 5 years it has been 6.503%), translating this average into a lower cost of electricity bill, both for consumers and for the General State Budgets.

There is still a year left until the end of the term established in the European Directive for the use of renewable energies, so the following months will be key when it comes to defining internal regulations for the promotion of renewable energies, establishing an increase of 43% for 2022[2].

If you want to read more articles similar to Renewable energies in Spain, we recommend that you enter our category of Renewable Energies.

  1. REGULATION (EU) 2022/1999 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 December 2022. European Union Law:
  2. LRenewables will experience their highest growth in 4 years in 2022, driven by solar. Sara H. Asenador (September 21, 2022):
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