Nuclear energy is a type of energy that is obtained thanks to nuclear fission or nuclear fusion and that for its operation needs uranium, making this a non-renewable resource, due to the speed with which it is being extracted. In addition, it is an energy with double standards, since when it is produced it does not emit greenhouse gases, but it does produce large amounts of toxic waste.
If you want to know what is nuclear energy and how does it work Exactly, continue reading this interesting Green Ecologist article which will also explain what nuclear energy is and what it is for, among many more details.
Nuclear energy is that which is released when there is a nuclear reaction (nuclear fission or nuclear fusion), this means, that which occurs in the nucleus of an atom being able to happen artificially or spontaneously.
If you wonder what is nuclear energy forKeep in mind that this type of energy is very present in our life since it is used to produce thermal, electrical and mechanical energy. In addition, it also has other uses in medicine, in agriculture for pest control, in the manufacture of weapons, in archeology, among other uses. If you want to see these and more Examples of uses of nuclear energy, here we offer you a summary.
Within nuclear power, could you say how many types of nuclear energy are there? Depending on the way it is produced, there are two types:
Let's start by clarifying what is the raw material of nuclear energy. This is obtained by fission of uranium isotopes, specifically the U-235. This chemical element is the only one capable of causing the nuclear fission reaction, which can produce highly radioactive and polluting waste such as plutonium.
Now you know where it comes from, but it remains to be clarified how is nuclear energy obtained to know how it works or what is the process that is followed to obtain thermal, electrical and mechanical energy from it. From the uranium U-235 from which this energy is obtained, the process to achieve nuclear fission is as follows:
Nuclear energy is produced in nuclear power plants and the most common are those that work through pressurized water reactors.
Nuclear energy falls within the non-renewable energies since it is obtained thanks to uranium, specifically U-235. But why is it not renewable? It is not renewable because uranium is a chemical compound that is extracted from nature and, although there are large reserves such as the one that can be found under sea water, it is not economically profitable to exploit them. So, you can only have those reserves present on the earth's surface, these are being exploited at a rate greater than their regeneration, therefore this means that uranium is not a renewable element and consequently nuclear energy is not either. .
Here we tell you much more about the question: Is nuclear energy renewable?
Finally, the following are the main advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy. We start with the advantages of nuclear energy:
Nuclear energy not only has advantages, which could well contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, it has some disadvantages that unfortunately outweigh the advantages. The disadvantages of nuclear power are:
The disadvantages are not many, but they are too serious, therefore nuclear energy should be replaced by other types of energy that are safer for the population and the environment. If you want to discover more about it, we recommend that you also read these other specific Green Ecologist articles on the Advantages and Disadvantages of nuclear energy and How nuclear energy affects the environment and human beings. Also, below you can see a video summary of its advantages and disadvantages.
If you want to read more articles similar to What is nuclear energy and how does it work, we recommend that you enter our category of non-renewable energies.