The vertical gardening It is nothing new and has been practiced in urban environments for many years with green facades in buildings, which, because of their modern appeal, has transcended a penchant for having a vertical garden (living wall) Inside the house.
Its beginnings are based on the ecological evolution of green roofs that have been adapted to cover the facades, ceilings and walls of large buildings - vertical garden - where architects and landscapers provide not only a floral and plant aesthetic in the decoration, there is much more.
Also, it contributes an important improvement in the thermal comfort of the building, in help to purify the environment by providing oxygen and improving environmental quality, etc. Palpable benefits that are practiced today more than ever.
The trend of natural or artificial vertical gardens It has been introduced into homes on a smaller scale due to the inclination to live in smaller spaces and the need to enjoy a small garden.
Setting up a vertical garden at home provides benefits for health and mental well-being, in addition, it is very easy to install
The vertical gardens in homes they are a very viable option; be it for the interior of the house or the balcony, and, if it is the case, for the exterior in a terrace, besides being easy to take care of.
Of course, becoming urban gardeners requires learning, but in this article we will explain step by step how to make a vertical garden for home in a practical and simple way. We start with the guide …
The vertical garden can be defined as a green wall consisting of an installation attached to a vertical wall covered with different species of plants.
The vegetation that can be natural or artificial is supported by a structure that can be mounted in different sizes outside, in the open air; terraces, balconies, patios, facades, or inside the houses; living room, kitchen, balcony, corridors, allowing a plant wall varied in flora.
Is the perfect solution for houses with limited space in which we want to enjoy a green wall and a modern touch that connects us with nature thanks to a mini domestic garden, without its maintenance being an effort or high complication for the occupants of the house.
We could say that the slogan would be … "A garden does not have to be planted from the ground to enjoy a green blanket".
But… Why is it easy to have a vertical natural garden? To understand what advantages does the green wall system have (with little or no direct agricultural land) with traditional crops we provide this comparison:
|Above ground Traditional garden||No direct soil Vertical garden|
|Plant Nutrition||Very variable, difficult to control||Controllable, soil easy to check and correct|
|Spacing||Limited to fertility||Higher densities, better use of space and light|
|Weed control||Presence of weeds||Much less or none|
|Soil Diseases and Pathogens||Most common soil diseases||The little soil we use is controlled|
|Water||Plants suffer from inefficient water use stress||There is no water stress, we control the water|
We have more opportunities for our mini indoor garden to work well by controlling almost every aspect that plants grow
Note: For many aspects, a plant ecosystem that forms a green wall is not for having vegetables or greens, it is for ornamental plants. If your intention is to have some fresh tomatoes that you have grown at home, for example, you have to read another extensive article that we have about a complete guide to the urban garden.
The living walls they play an important role that favors different aspects, both in a building when it is applied on roofs, facades or terraces, as well as inside a home. Main functions of green walls:
At the domestic level, benefits of having a vertical garden at home are substantial and a practice that we should begin to consider. Some of its advantages are the following:
As drawbacks, to name a few: its installation has a cost, although it is cheap if it is practiced consistently and with the possibility of using recycled materials in the structure (for example, with pallets), home-style planters, reused wooden drawers, bottles , etc We will get a grow wall cheap! (Remember our helpful article on recycled pallets for furniture)
Of course, we will need to invest some time in taking care of it, and, depending on the location (Indoor or outdoor), we will not always be able to plant all the species of plants, vegetables or flowers that we would like.
If we want to cultivate a beautiful urban garden, be it outdoor or indoor, semi-covered or totally, we must follow a series of steps to get a beautiful green wall.
As a first recommendation to build a vertical ecosystem, is to start with a small home garden, and, if we like it, we will expand the distribution to larger ones, investing more money and time in its maintenance.
Tip; for a vertical garden in the lived, it is necessary to start small, and, if we like it, we will invest more time and money
Although it is obvious that we already have a site in mind, we do have to look at some important aspects. First… Where can we put a living wall?
|Outdoor vertical garden||Indoor vertical garden|
|Outdoor terrace walls||Balcony|
|Vertically in the middle of the terrace||Corridor|
|Hanging in the middle of the terrace||Living room)|
|Entrance hall or community terrace of the building||Kitchen|
|Building facade parts||* Sleeping rooms are prohibited.|
But…What should I look at before deciding where to put the garden? Here, there are three key elements before deciding on the location:
On hot days with a lot of sun, you have to protect the plants from midday. If it is outside, we can use umbrellas or an awning, particularly for young plants.
How do we identify if our green wall does not receive enough light? In search of this, the stems will grow longer and more fragile, and the leaves will have a pale green color.
This depends a lot on the expense we want to make and the skill of each user. Once the support structure is in place, we will not need many utensils either. We will need appropriate tools, that is, hand.
Search garden tools with short handles and that are ergonomic so you can work well. As an example of some utensils:
To understand how far we can go with design and construction of vertical ecosystems. First, I would like to answer a question … What are the components of a vertical garden?
Although we have a predetermined idea of what we want, we must first know what options exist in the market to mount our vegetal wall, and what technologies and vertical systems are there for a mini garden.
By the way we assemble the green walls With modular compositions, we can "play" and this can give us other ideas to locate the garden at home.
The container or final structure that will hold our ornamental plants should meet six basic aspects. We remember this point, because if you want to make a homemade "minigarden" with old elements (As a complementary note, see article waste and recycling containers). Containers must have the following basic functions:
|Tightness||Water retention capacity||Nutrition|
The types of vertical gardens that we can mount at home, both indoors and outdoors, on a terrace or balcony are:
Remember to choose a structure and shape that matches the atmosphere and style of the home or terrace
But… Where can I buy the structures to create the vertical garden and tools? As we always say, you have to look and compare if we want to save a few euros. And if it is a large plant wall, ask for different estimates.
From the neighborhood shops (sometimes they surprise in the price of tools and materials) to large DIY shops What Leroy merlin, Bauhaus, Aki, etc. We have many options to choose from.
The most comfortable option is buy a vertical garden with artificial plants. Those of quality and that are realistic, are worth money, and, more, for interior. We recommend you buy:
Buy a wall garden structureIn our opinion, it is the most correct option, although we will have to take care of the plants, which is not so bad! is to seek that they are modular. So we can easily remove or put plants.
If you buy a structure. Look for it to be modular to remove or put plants easily and to your liking
For interior and exterior. There are hundreds of possibilities; plastic, vase, bag, ceramic, metal, wood, modular, etc. For us, the modular are the perfect option because we can expand or remove, as needed. We are left with:
By the way, with imagination, a little crafts and DIY, we can save money on the structure; Recycled pallets, wooden boxes, plastic bottles, stones, pots and pots that we no longer use, gutters, etc. Put imagination to fit in the decoration!
Note: We are talking about green walls for spaces with small dimensions, when we talk about gardens on facades of buildings or cover a large surface of a wall professionally, the theme in its typology is very complicated.
Here, more complex installation techniques and systems are already used. As an example and diagram of a mounting system:
The landscaped walls - from a technical perspective - they bring great benefits; not only in an increase in humidity or in the improvement of CO2, among other issues. We can also achieve significant savings in water, both in irrigation water (more optimized) or reuse the excess, as well as the possibility of filtering residual water (for example, from bathrooms) and taking advantage of it for other issues:
In this case, for those who want to learn more from a much more technical perspective, we recommend the following documents:
As a general rule, what is applicable to a traditional garden can also be used in vertical gardens; Without a good substrate, plants will not grow well and will wilt.
Nowadays, it is easy to access the nurseries where we can choose from a great variety of soil, yes, they must be according to the type of plants we buy. So we will have to ask in store, what is the best substrate for the plant that we use the vertical garden.
Highly recommended! Ask in a specialized store what substrate we need for the garden according to the ornamental plants that we are going to use.
We must make sure that when we place the root ball (mass of earth that is left attached to the roots of the plants to transplant them) it does not directly touch the bottom of the pot or drawer. The roots need room to grow. Also pay attention to using drainage stones in the bottom of the container.
The best substrate is of little use if the plants do not have enough space for their roots.
The Adequate substrate will be the one that ensures you support conditions, access of oxygen to the roots, adequate retention of water and nutrients. necessary. Most common types of substrates:
The less chemical fertilizers, the better for everyone, we must take advantage of the waste generated at home. Organic fertilizer and free! We can make them at home or on the terrace with the help of a kit of composter.
You can learn more with the manual of the good composter from HERE, the diagrams at the end of the PDF are very useful.
Normally we use a little soil with minerals (which is the most normal when we talk about a home vertical garden in which we use pots in their different forms) but, also, the flora can grow thanks to the hydroponics method (without soil, more information on the concept here) where plants fed by mineral solutions are grown instead of agricultural soil.
There are two aspects here, small hydroponic grow kits more intended to have a few vegetables at home (There are some clear examples on Amazon) or hydroponic agriculture in vertical gardens that is more used for a professional practice with complex systems that can create a green wall impressive (On the subject, at the end there is a technical document for reference).
Before you start, take a look at the containers you use; planters, pots, drawers, etc., have a hole for water drainage. And now, follow the steps in the following scheme:
The plants that we will be able to use - mainly - will depend on the location of our natural wall, the light they can receive and, if it is located indoors or we have the orchard outdoors (Of interest, see also the article on plants for the interior of the home)
For the indoor plants and forest, better to see the recommendations of the following one that is very well explained:
Asking a landscaper, gardener or worker in a garden center, is to get the plants right to have a beautiful garden
For the outdoor garden plants. The ones that are sure to work very well are use native plants from the area is a safe bet! As an example of others that we can use:
In the floriculture Y horticulture Each variety has its own characteristics, which also depends a lot on where we are and the weather conditions. There are hundreds of species and as an option to learn more about them, it is better to use an App specialized in gardening.
As a recommendation for mobile, the gardening app PlantSnap that is in Spanish (it is an identifier of plants and flowers) for Android HERE and for ISO from HERE (It identifies more than 600,000 species of plants from all over the world in an instant with characteristics).
Plants and flowers that are grown in a container need more water than those that live in the ground.
Tips for watering garden plants:
If the green wall is large. Group the plants according to the water they need, so they will receive the right amount
As a summary of the points that we have reviewed this article, we leave you a video where the keys and some tips to create a natural vertical garden or one with artificial plants.
We always like to provide complementary information that may be useful, so to learn more:
Since we have learned a lot, we have to be inspired a bit with photographs and ideas from different places on the Internet that will surely provide us with good original ideas. There are users who have a lot of imagination!
Although on the Internet we can find images of vertical gardens and hundreds of photosGood quality is sometimes difficult to find. So we have compiled some places with quality photos:
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