Where does the oil that the United States consumes come from?

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Even if U.S It is beginning to use its own oil reserves, a way to control its price, it continues to import most from other countries. Approximately 40% of the oil consumed in the United States in 2012 was imported. The origin depends on the region that imports it: the United States is divided into what could be called energy regions.

African countries, the big losers

The crude that is now being extracting of the formations of shale in North Dakota and Texas is different, it has a low content sulphurous and it is processed differently. The countries harmed will be the Africans. Since July 2010, the United States has cut its imports from Nigeria by half, from more than 1 million barrels a day, to 543,000 in October 2012. In Angola, they have dropped from 513,000 in 2008 to 200,000 barrels a day.


To the refineries on the east coast, for example, it reaches Petroleumespecially from Africa, mainly from Nigeria and Angola. In contrast, refineries in the Midwest receive almost all of their oil imports through pipelines that connect to Canada.

The United States continues to import oil from middle East, although it is no longer the majority. Some 1.1 million barrels pass each day through the ports to refineries located in the south of the country. There, most of the gasoline and diesel is generated, which is then sold at all the gas stations in the center of the country.

But the United States is drilling new drilling in North Dakota and Texas, as well as reaching agreements with Canada to extract fossil fuels through the polluting and dangerous technique of hydraulic fracturing, and, if not prevented, in Alaska and other fragile ecosystems. The goal is to reduce their imports (and save their money) from 8.3 million barrels per day today to 6 million in early 2014.

The United States is one of the countries most dependent on oil (although all countries are to a greater or lesser extent) and must maintain a balance between international alliances and its own oil production. Many refineries from U.S They have spent billions of dollars to upgrade their facilities to process crude from Canada's tar sands, as well as imported oil from Venezuela and Mexico. These refineries want to recoup their investment and will continue to import from those three countries.

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