Our planet is very diverse and it is estimated that there are approximately 8.7 million species of living beings, but did you know that only 15% of all living beings found on the planet have been described? In addition, there are a large number of physical characteristics that are extraordinary and unique to some groups of animals. For example, feathers, which although there have been several animals that have had them throughout the history of evolution, such as the flying reptiles of prehistory, currently only have birds.
In this Green Ecologist article we will only talk about animal species that have plumage. Keep reading if you want to meet 25 animals with feathers, their names, characteristics and photos.
All those species of animals that have plumage, that is, that have feathers, are classified within vertebrates. When we talk about feathered animals we are talking about the birds. These animals are the only ones that have feathers and occupy practically any available habitat, because they have two great characteristics. The main characteristics of feathered animals or birds, are the plumage itself and are endothermic:
We recommend this other Green Ecologist article to learn more about the Characteristics of birds.
As mentioned before, feathers are a characteristic of birds defined by the ability to fly, but they also have other functionality depending on the type of pen we are talking about. For example, feathers work as a thermal insulator, to give protection, to give color and shape to birds, etc. The following are the types of pens and what are they for more details:
To begin, we will talk about some of the species of feathered animals that can fly.
Next, we will cite the characteristics of some of these flying birds and here below you can see the photos of the rest of the species on the list.
The feathers of this type of bird are bright and striking colors, although it depends on the places they are inhabiting. There are specimens of woodpecker or Picidae what are they presenting Red feathers and beige, however you can also find others in yellow and pink.
The cuckoo or cuckooCuculidae) It is a small bird, it has a long, slim tail and wings. The plumage of the males is dominated by different shades of gray on the head, neck and back. The ventral parts are white. On the other hand, the females may have a plumage similar to that of the male or reddish, although the latter is not as frequent.
The house sparrow or Passer domesticus It is a bird that can be found both in rural areas and in cities. In the plumage between male and female it is different, the colors of the male are more vivid also in reproductive season they show a bright and beautiful bib to attract females.
The medium serreta or Mergus serrator It is an aquatic bird in which the plumage of the male has black feathers on the head and gray with white on the body, however the females are reddish in color. The only feathers that have the same color are the secondary ones that are white. This species is very fast when it takes flight.
Discover more Waterfowl: characteristics, types, names and photos here.
Plumage of this bird is formed by 3 colors; its chest is covered by brown feathers, its wings are gray, as well as its face, although it also has white feathers. The European alcotán or Falco subbuteo it is a small bird and its wings are pointed.
The royal eagle or Aquila chrysaetos is a Raptor that approximately reaches up to 280 km / h. The color of its plumage is dark brown, and it differs from other eagles in that its legs are also covered by feathers. The feathers on its head are golden as well as on the shoulders and the ends of the tail are white.
Meet many more feathered animals that are birds of prey with this other article in which you will meet 112 birds of prey or raptors: types, names and photos.
Another of the feathered animals from this list is the Apus apus or swift It is not as fast as the golden eagle, but it also reaches speeds of 200 km / h and they are almost always in the air since their food is made up of insects. Its wings are large and its legs short.
After meeting the birds that fly, we now expose the feathered animals that do not fly or flightless birds:
In this photo you can see the mancón cormorant (Phalacrocorax harrisi) and kagú (Rhynochetos jubatus), in the following sections you will get to know the rest of the birds on this list better and, in addition, we recommend this other article on 10 birds that do not fly to expand this information.
Even if penguins can't flyThey live in aquatic areas and that is why they have developed their fins, becoming great swimmers. In addition, they have a tail that makes them maintain balance when walking. The penguins or Spheniscidae they live in colonies in which up to a thousand individuals coexist.
In this bird the plumage differs between male and female, the male has black feathers on the body and white feathers on the tail and wings. The female however has grayish or light brown feathers. Even if ostriches can't fly Due to their large size, small wings in proportion and because of their loose and drooping feathers, these do allow them to balance their movements. Furthermore, the ostrich o Struthio camelus it reaches speeds of about 65 km / h.
Kiwi o Apteryx It is an endemic species of Australia, it is a small bird with an elongated and curved beak, its plumage is somewhat curious since instead of feathers it seems that it has hair. Kiwi does not fly, but it reaches great speeds. Your inability to fly may be due to her wings are too small, since they approximately reach about 3 centimeters.
Discover more feathered animals in this other post about 20 Australian birds: names and images.
The cassowary or Casuarius it is essential for various forest ecosystems. Is a feathered animal characterized by a plumage that looks like a feathered coat, which they use, in addition to their thermoregulation, to give warmth and protection to their young. It is also characterized by having a blue head with a hard crest on top of the head and by having a red stripe on the neck. They are large and heavy birds, similar to ostriches, and therefore are birds that do not fly.
The kakapo or Strigops habroptilus is an endemic species of New Zealand of nocturnal behavior that uses its green feathers to be able to camouflage in the forests. The kakapo is the only parrot that does not fly in the world, it is a large parrot.
Within the species of ducks, generally there are the domestic duck and the wild and these differ in that the domestic (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) has lost its ability to fly. After so many centuries of domestication, the species has adapted and has lost the strength in its wings, since they are shorter and lighter.
Although the plumage of chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) does not help them to fly, if it protects them from climatic factors, such as cold and heat, as well as from the blows they may suffer. Chickens are flightless birdsAlthough they hover and glide, they live in hierarchy and are territorial.
We recommend you read this other post by Green Ecologist about Poultry: types and examples. Also, if you liked meeting all these feathered animals and you like birds, you may be interested in meeting these 13 singing birds.
If you want to read more articles similar to Feathered animals, we recommend that you enter our category of Animal Curiosities.