NATURAL HERITAGE of PERU - What it is and Examples

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On our planet there are great natural spaces that must be protected and conserved, since they are inhabited by thousands and thousands of plant, animal and other living species that turn out to be unique species, as well as by some still unknown species that are beginning to develop. be studied or even by species that are in danger of extinction and must be protected. One of the areas with the most natural heritage in the world is South America, as there are countries, such as Peru, that are home to mega-diversity.

In this interesting article by Green Ecologist, what natural heritage is will be defined, but the natural heritage of Peru, with examples and some tips to help protect it.

What is natural heritage

When a natural area is important It is called natural heritage, and this is nothing more than giving international recognition to a natural environment to promote it with technical and economic assistance.

The purpose of declaring as natural heritage A space is made with the intention of protecting it from all anthropic threats, that is, threats from human activities, thus ensuring its conservation and trying to avoid its imbalance and the extinction of species in the area.

Natural heritage of Peru - examples

UNESCO includes in its list of world Heritage Exactly 12 cultural assets and sites of Peru, of these twelve there are eight of a cultural type, two that belong to the natural heritage and another two are mixed heritage, since they are of cultural and natural importance. Therefore, below, only the natural heritages of Peru and mixed:

Natural heritages of Peru

  • Manu National Park: This park is located between the Madre de Dios Regions and the Amazon basin in southwestern Peru. It is in 1977 when UNESCO recognized this area as the Manu National Park. It is characterized by great biodiversity that is why this area is so important to protect. The Manu National Park has suffered little human impact since it is difficult to access, although it is the residence of small indigenous groups.
  • National park huascaran: It is located in one of the highest mountain ranges in the world of the European Andes. It includes a great variety of Ecosystems and is characterized by tropical vegetation in some of its areas, and in the highest places there is paramo and puna vegetation. The vicuña, a mammal with great importance in the South American area, lives in this Park. The danger of extinction of this species led to the emergence of concern also for other species in the area such as the Queen of the Andes. This means that this area begins to be monitored and later in 1975 it was established as a National Park to protect its biodiversity.

Mixed patrimonies of Peru

  • Historic sanctuary of Machu Picchu: It is located in the district of Machu Pichu, and it is a sanctuary with great artistic value. But it is also considered natural heritage since it is located in a mountainous area, forming part of the High Andes and the Amazon basin. In the area of the Sanctuary there are a great variety of microclimates and it is composed of a great biodiversity that must be conserved.
  • Rio Abiseo National Park: It was created in 1983 and is located in the Mariscal Cáceres province. Due to its archaeological remains, it is known that there were human populations. The area is characterized by having some Andean forests and grasslands, and it provides protection to one of the most important tributaries of the Amazon, which would be three rivers of the Huallaga system. In this place there is a great variety of unknown plant and animal species that science has to study, which is why it is so important to conserve it.

How to help protect Peru's natural heritage

For protect the natural heritage of PeruAs well as all the natural heritage around the world, a series of guidelines must be followed that will ensure that it is not affected. These are very important since, although they are areas considered as natural heritage, you can do tourism in them, but always under a series of rules that do not damage the space, that is, through a Green tourism, also called ecological tourism:

  • Do not cut or take specimens of plant species, not even their seeds.
  • Hunting and capturing animals, as well as taking eggs of oviparous species, is prohibited.
  • Just as it is forbidden to take the species from the area, it is totally forbidden to introduce exotic species, that is, those that are not autochthonous since these could become invasive species and displace native species or even make them disappear.
  • No residue should be left. Both in natural areas and in those that are not. The waste we generate must be kept until we find a suitable place to deposit it.
  • Nothing can be thrown into water areas such as rivers, streams, lagoons, etc.
  • When visiting an area classified as natural heritage, the visitor will not be able to deviate from the marked paths or paths.

If we want to do a good sustainable tourism in Peru And to enjoy its natural heritage, we must not forget that it is our responsibility to protect and conserve it, as it is part of our home, of our planet.

If you want to read more articles similar to Natural heritage of Peru, we recommend that you enter our Ecosystems category.

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