The Pacific Ring of Fire, also called Pacific Ring of Fire It is an area that is common to hear about in the news around the world, almost always related to natural disasters, such as earthquakes and volcanoes erupting.
If you want to know what is the Pacific Ring of Fire exactly and what are its characteristics, as well as why there are so many earthquakes and volcanoes in it and a list of the main ones, keep reading us in this Green Ecologist article.
The bed of the Pacific Ocean is settled on several tectonic plates in constant friction. This causes these tectonic boundaries to have a great seismic and volcanic activity, which gives rise to Pacific belt or ring of fire, which is the line formed by this set of borders.
It is a dangerous area, since it concentrates 90% of the world's earthquakes, in addition to 80% of the largest. If the question is how many volcanoes there are in the Pacific Ring of Fire, we can affirm that the 75% of volcanoes both active and inactive on the planet: no less than 452 volcanoes.
We advise you to read this other article about the volcanic and seismic regions of the world.
This Belt of Fire encompasses more than 40,000 km, in a horseshoe-shaped area that runs from New Zealand to the west coast of South America, passing through Asia, Alaska, North America and Central America.
It is delimited by the points where the Pacific plate meets the other smaller plates, giving rise to the most relevant subduction zones on the planet. All this great tectonic frontier covers a large number of countries. This is the list of Pacific Ring of Fire countries, arranged clockwise:
The area has received the 10 most serious earthquakes of the current century and the past. Among the most important earthquakes that have occurred in the Pacific Ring of Fire are the magnitude 9 that Russia suffered in 1952 and caused a tsunami that hit Hawaii, the 8.8 magnitude between Ecuador and Colombia in 1906, which caused the deaths of 1000 people from the resulting tsunami and more recently, that of December 26, 2004 in Indonesia and Sumatra, whose tsunami recorded a quarter of a million deaths.
The full list of volcanoes on this tectonic frontier is too long to cover them all, but we can mention the most important volcanoes of the Pacific Ring of Fire of the last years.
So that you can expand this information, we recommend these other Green Ecologist articles:
If you want to read more articles similar to Pacific Ring of Fire: what it is and mapWe recommend that you enter our Nature Curiosities category.