Hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones are natural phenomena with enormous destructive capacity. Every year and at different times you hear about them all over the world. However, in recent seasons its strength and frequency seem to be increasing.
However, do you know the difference between hurricane and typhoon? If you want to learn more about these impressive natural forces, keep reading us in this interesting article by Green Ecologist.
Well, the first thing to say is that a hurricane, a typhoon and a cyclone are exactly the same atmospheric phenomenon: large closed systems with a center of low pressure and strong winds that rotate clockwise in the southern hemisphere and counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere.
Are they synonymous words then? The truth is that they are not entirely. Researchers use the words hurricane, typhoon, or cyclone according to the area in which they originate. Therefore, the main difference between hurricane and typhoon it is in the place on the planet where it happens.
These are the main characteristics of hurricanes and typhoons:
Lastly, we also want to talk a bit about cyclones. If it occurs in the southern Pacific or Indian Ocean, they are called a cyclone or tropical cyclone. Cyclones are always designated by personal names. In the list, each one is called with a letter of the alphabet except the letters Q, U, X, Y and Z. The list is replaced every 6 years, but the names of particularly destructive cyclones are withdrawn to become part of the Historical records.
That's how it is how hurricanes and typhoons form:
These storms generate huge amounts of energy, which can cause enormous material and personal damage, both by the force of its winds and by the torrential rainfall that they can bring.
To get an idea with a striking example, the energy released by an average hurricane is equivalent to the detonation of a 10 megaton nuclear bomb every 20 minutes. Not hard to imagine why they are so dangerous and why, despite his many attempts, human beings have not found a way to stop them or, at least, to avoid all the final damage, although it is possible to reduce them on many occasions, thanks to scientific knowledge and the studies that they give us some forecasts.
In addition, in recent years the strength of these storms seems to be increasing. It has not been possible to demonstrate whether the cause of this is specifically climate change, although it is believed that it is since it is a fact that warmer oceans contribute more energy to these systems. However, it is difficult to say anything due to the enormous number of factors that influence the formation and development of these storms.
Thus, if the global temperature continues to rise, it is likely that we will see more and more of these storms and, in addition, of greater category.
When you talk about cyclones, typhoons and hurricanesIt is common to also mention tornadoes as another of its almost synonyms, when it is a mistake. The hurricanes are very easy to recognize, since they are the narrow air columns that move rotating at high speed on themselves, from the ground to the base of a cumulus cloud or cumulonimbus.
Large ones can easily be seen with the naked eye and are certainly difficult to mistake. They can reach winds with speeds of over 400 kilometers per hour and, although they are very violent and spectacular, they are on a scale of imuch less influx than that of hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones, whose size can exceed 900 kilometers.
Find out more about what a tornado is in this other Green Ecologist article on the Difference between hurricane and tornado.
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