Surely most of the people know that our planet, the Earth or blue planet, is in a constant movement that takes place in two ways: a rotational movement (rotates on its own axis) and a translational movement (orbit around of the sun).
But, why the earth revolves around the sun And what consequences and effects does this movement have on the planet itself and on those of us who live on it? It is a very interesting question that we ask ourselves and clarify in a simple way in this Green Ecologist article.
The explanation for this phenomenon was given by the English scientist Isaac Newton approximately 300 years ago. Newton discovered, among other things, why the planets orbited the sun and that it was related to the same reason that objects thrown upwards fall towards Earth again. Thus, he elaborated the law of universal gravitation, published in his book "Mathematical principles of natural philosophy", in which he demonstrated that the gravity of the Sun attracts the entire planetary system, in the same way that the Earth attracts towards yes anything that is not held by another force, and it keeps us tied to the ground.
In this way, objects (such as the Sun) that weigh more exert a gravitational attraction than those lighter. However, if the Sun attracts all planets, Why don't these fall towards him and burn? The reason is that in addition to falling from being attracted, they also orbit around it, that is, they rotate around it in a lateral movement. For example, if we had an iron ball tied to the end of a string and we rotated it, at the same time that we attracted it towards our hand, the lateral movement of the rotation would keep the ball rotating. Therefore, without this lateral movement, the object would fall towards the hand and without the attraction towards the center, it would shoot out in a straight line.
The translation movement is he rotational motion of the Earth around the Sun. This motion occurs in an entire elliptical orbit around the Sun and lasts for 365 days and 6 hours. These 365 days translate into the duration of a year according to our calendar and the remaining 6 hours are accumulated in a year. These 6 hours will make a total of 24 hours (1 day) over 4 years, which is added at the end of February. The year that contains one more day, that is, 366 days in the Gregorian calendar is a leap year.
During this heliocentric orbit, the Earth acquires a speed of approximately 30 km per second, at an average distance of approximately 150 million kilometers. The trajectory, as we said, is elliptical (it is not completely round) and has around 940 million kilometers.
At the same time that the Earth orbits the Sun, also rotates on its axis. This is the rotational motion of the earth it takes place in an anti-clockwise direction (taking the pole star as a reference, and lasts approximately 24 hours.
Although currently this movement is tending to slow down (with respect to the past) and has been slowing down due to the influence of the moon on its tides. In fact, a full day in the time of the dinosaurs lasted about 22 hours.
Learn more about this topic in this other Green Ecologist article on Why and how the Earth moves.
The effects of ground movements are:
If you want to read more articles similar to Why the Earth revolves around the Sun, we recommend that you enter our category of Curiosities of the Earth and the universe.