11 Types of Gardens - Names and Photos

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In this Green Ecologist article we are going to introduce you to several of the different garden styles that you can find all over the world. Each one has a very distinctive style that we hope you can easily recognize thanks to these simple descriptions that may help you improve your own garden.

Keep reading and discover 11 types of gardens typical of various places in the world, their names, characteristics and photos. Which one do you like the most?

English garden

The english gardens They are characterized by creating environments that are reminiscent of completely natural landscapes. In their effort to achieve this feeling, they work down to the smallest detail to make the gardens adapt to urban environments. One of its main characteristics is the use of water as the central element. Lakes, ponds and fountains are used as part of a more wild and natural landscape. The hedges are pruned just enough so that they do not invade too much, but as delimiters of the paths that lead to discover the unique corners of the garden.

French garden

The french gardens they are based on The geometry. Each element is located in harmony with the rest in search of precise vanishing points to give a feeling of spaciousness.

The hedges and other plant elements are treated to achieve the desired shape. Water is also a fundamental element in the French garden, used both in large fountains and in small fountains. As they are low gardens, they always have a raised area, preferably a balcony, to be seen in detail.

If you want to put hedges in your garden, we recommend that you know which hedges grow the fastest.

Arabic garden

The Arabs designed these gardens to enjoy the sound of water and long walks surrounded by aromatic and flowering plants. It is a place created for reflection, so its spaces are found behind narrow passages and lattices. Water is the main element of the garden.

The arabic garden It is found in the large central ditches, fountains and fountains, always accompanied by structures such as arched doors and vaults, all decorated with brightly colored tiles and other pieces carved on the stone.

Mediterranean garden

The role of mediterranean garden It is to protect from the heat, so typical plants of the region are used that are resistant to heat and lack of water. For this reason, trees with a globose crown are sought to achieve the greatest possible shade. It is also common to see fruit trees and rockery with aromatic plants, like rosemary. The structural elements are usually painted white.

Image: Pisos.com

Japanese garden

The Japanese garden is one of the most valued for its complexity and search for perfection at the time of recreating typical natural areas of large forests and mountains in tight spaces.

The fundamental elements are rocks, water and vegetation that is allowed to grow naturally. In addition, the architectural elements are introduced in the garden looking for a harmony with the landscape. Hence, there is a close relationship between the bridges that cross the lagoons, or the tea houses that are arranged after a walk among the trees and shrubs of the garden. Another peculiarity are the Zen-like elements, which are placed to maximize the feeling of peace and reflection.

Feng Shui Garden

The feng shui gardens, also known as zen gardens, seek a balance between the buildings and the landscape. Therefore, in this search for the meaning and symbolism of each element that composes it, everything must be placed in the correct direction and space. In addition, it is sought that each element of the garden is highlighted at the same level as the rest, for this reason we cannot speak of a greater presence of water, rocks or plants, but of a complete harmony in order to achieve a space for reflection and meditation. .

Here we leave you several Feng Shui Tips for the garden.

Vertical garden

Created in order to provide a green space in crowded cities, the vertical gardens they need the same care as conventional ones. However, they are much more versatile when it comes to being placed, both outdoors and indoors.

Similarly, plants in vertical gardens they do not suffer when it comes to rooting vertically, it is only necessary to root the plants between the two sheets of fibrous component and fix them to the wall where they are going to be placed. All types of plants can be used, but succulent and aromatic plants are recommended for beginners.

In this other post by Green Ecologist we give you ideas and steps to learn how to make vertical gardens. We also encourage you that, if you are looking to make a vertical garden at home, see these Ideas for making vertical gardens with plastic bottles, taking the opportunity to reuse this material.

Sustainable or xerophilous garden

The sustainable gardens They seek, through the use of techniques and resources, an efficient method to achieve the development of plants without the need for them to consume a lot of space and without much care. The aim is to achieve the reproduction of the different plant species, generally of autochthonous species and of the xerophilous type, in order to increase the percentage of humidity in the area. These gardens should not need watering or pruning care, they should be completely self-sufficient with the selection of plants chosen for him.

Rainfed garden

This is another of the types of gardens that are composed entirely of plants capable of adapting to low-watering conditions and that only need the contribution of water coming from the rain. For this, it is recommended to plow and oxygenate the land used for its creation to promote plant growth. In the same way, it is common to find desert plants and trees with large or globose crowns, as in the Mediterranean garden, to keep the rest of the species that make up the garden from the heat.

Tropical garden

By choosing suitable plants you can recreate tropical gardens in any area, although it is recommended that they be built in preferably humid areas with stable temperatures. They differ from other gardens by providing dense areas of vegetation, with colorful plants and large leaves that are found in a disorderly way forming small shaded paths. They do not need pruning, as they seek a feeling of wild nature. The use of ponds is also recommended.

Water garden

The water gardens are created around A pond, but this does not mean that we can only use aquatic plants. The intention of this type of garden is to create a small aquatic ecosystem where it is natural to also include animal species such as fish (such as carp), small reptiles (such as some species of turtles) and amphibians (such as some species of frogs). In addition, when using typical riverside plants, it is recommended to use fleshy and aromatic plants to promote the sensation of freshness.

Finally, we advise you that if you want to set up a water garden at home or add a pond or lake to your garden area, check this other Green Ecologist article on +50 aquatic plants, with names, characteristics and photos.

If you want to read more articles similar to 11 types of gardens, we recommend that you enter our Garden Care category.

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