The consumption of natural resources by our society implies changes or alterations in ecosystems and their biological processes. Sometimes these alterations are irreversible or irreparable. For its part, rewilding arises as a response to these changes and aims to revert those altered aspects of ecosystems to their original state. To understand the subject in depth, we will dedicate this Green Ecologist article to develop everything about what is rewilding and what projects are thereWe will also explain its importance. We invite you to continue reading and discover it.
The term rewilding comes from English and, although you frequently find it in this language, in Spanish it means 'resilvestration' or 'resilvestration'. Currently, rewilding is defined as the process of reintroduce wild organisms or restore ecological processes in ecosystems, where these organisms and processes have disappeared or are dysfunctional. The truth is that in the scientific community, there is still no clear agreement on the concept of rewilding. However, over the years, the term was applied with different approaches that made it possible to arrive at the current definition.
Below we will briefly develop some successful rewilding and resilience projects around the world.
Within the framework of a project called Iberá project, several species that were in danger of extinction were reintroduced in Iberá, Argentina, among them the jaguar and jaguar (Panthera onca), the red macaw (Ara chloropterus), the deer of the pampas (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) and many more. In particular, the anteater or yurumí (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) was the first species they started the rewilding project with. This project began in 2007 and after years of work, today there is a population of anteaters that sustain By herself.
Although Yellowstone was declared a National Park in 1872, human activities within it continued for a time and consequently, in the early 20th century the wolves of the species Canis lupus they were eradicated. Between 1995 and 1996 the plans of reintroduction of wolf to YellowstoneFor this they released 14 wolves of the species from Canada. The reintroduction of the wolves reduced the enormous population of deer of the species Cervus elaphus that were severely affecting the forest vegetation by overgrazing and over-browsing. As a result, the balance of before was restored and the wooded vegetation was able to recover.
This project, unlike the previous ones, does not propose the reintroduction of any particular species but rather the development of ecological corridors which together cover more than 100,000 hectares of the Apennine Mountains of Italy and which connect 5 national parks. With this initiative, it is tried protect the diversity of flora and fauna of the region, with a special focus on the Apennine brown bear (Ursus arctos marsicanus), an emblematic species of the place that is in danger of extinction. You can learn more about Ecological Corridors: what they are, types and importance by reading this other post.
As can be seen, the term rewilding or resilvestration does not have a simple definition. Despite this, the concept of rewilding presents different approaches that are very important in conservation biology since, through these processes, an attempt is made to reverse or reduce disturbances to ecosystems caused by human activities, through the reintroduction of species and the restoration of abiotic factors of the ecosystem.
In themselves, rewilding or resilience projects have the potential to return to ecosystems those functionalities that were lost as a result of anthropic activities. Therefore, rewilding does not only bring with it environmental benefits, but also economic and social.
If you want to read more articles similar to Rewilding: what it is and projects, we recommend that you enter our Ecosystems category.Bibliography