Organic farming is a new invention. The bio crops, not only natural, but organic according to the rules or principles of organic farming, have been a reality for only a few decades. A newborn within the long history of agriculture, almost as old as mankind.
Indeed, the development of the human civilization It would not be what it is without agriculture. But modern agriculture, born in the era of oil, far from assuming continuity, meant a break with respect to previous, primitive or traditional agriculture.
Industrialization and demographic pressure have ended up causing a crisis global ecological. The development of the economy has always been above sustainability and the result has been the use and abuse of natural resources, with the consequent pollution.
At the agricultural level, unspoiled nature has been displaced by the countryside. Far from implying the substitution of one vegetation for another, intensive agriculture destroys the original biodiversity without supplying any alternative.
On the contrary, conventional agriculture is synonymous with pollution the environment, unsustainable energy use and in numerous crops its performance has not been shown to be greater than the ecological one.
The constant use of chemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers creates a ecosystem poor, in which biodiversity cannot progress. In fact, the pollinator crisis is largely due to this reason.
The emergence of organic farming attempted to ward off this environmental threat that threatens the health of the planet and, in short, against the viability of our survival.
However, replacing intensive agriculture with organic farming is not easy. Only if the situation forced it to be possible could progress be made in this regard. Of course, the experts never tire of warning us that the situation requires action.
For organic farming to feed the world there is still a long way to go. According to a study by the University of Minnesota (United States) and McGill University (Canada) that reviews previous scientific articles on the matter, the questions remain open.
Despite the higher performance of majority agriculture, the study concludes that the yield of food ecological it could be only 13 percent lower, simply with better management.
In addition, the researchers say that this difference could be reduced even more, and it would be necessary to make a structural change that would completely change the current situation.
For example, the production and consumption of meat to reduce greenhouse gases and allocate more crops to the human feeding, not the livestock.
The local economy and self-consumption groups would be other options consistent with this supposed system based on organic farming. In this regard, the study points out that organic food can compete with food obtained from intensive agriculture in some cases.
Also mentioned are the crops that are used for self-sufficiency, including urban gardens. However, as the UN points out, although agriculture is recommended to combat climate change and feed the population, the transition to achieve it is complex and requires investments, as well as full involvement on the part of social actors.
Although there is a great controversy about whether or not it is a feasible model to get a sustainability that guarantees food security, there is no doubt about the urgency of turning to a more sustainable model. As the UN recommends: "Moving towards sustainability is vital for future food security and one of the essential components of the right to food. "
Organic farming goes beyond a more authentic taste and special nutritional properties. Its reason for being is related, precisely, to the concept of sustainability.
Finally, following the theory of Daniel Goleman, specialist in ecological intelligence, soon the consumer will have the necessary tools to be better informed and form a market force that demands healthier products with less environmental impact.
In this way, if it is about prioritizing foods that are less harmful to the environment and the body, organic farming has all the ballots to be chosen.
A utopia, or perhaps an inevitable process, that will arrive sooner than we imagine? Be that as it may, sustainability is a rising value. More than that, being sustainable will end up being an increasingly urgent necessity.
In addition, scientific advances that will help determine the degree of toxicity are a reality. Without a doubt, it is another point in favor that the degree of toxicity for people and the environment in a scientific way, giving it a score that the public has access to.
In this way, you can immediately know the level from security of products and services, simply by looking at the label. And, as the famous phrase says, whoever has the information has the power …
Although experimentally, this information will soon become part of the labeling in some supermarkets in the United States. And, of course, its potential as a tool for change can be revolutionary if this type of initiative is successful.
It would be wonderful news if the activism it will no longer make sense. That the same market dynamics would transform things at the blow of preferences of the consumer. While it sounds too pretty to come true, green hope is the last thing to be lost.
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