Gazania is a genus of plants in the Asteraceae family, very popular as a group of ornamental plants among gardening and decorating enthusiasts. It is a plant as rustic as it is beautiful, since its flowering is showy due to its shape and its colors, which are very vivid and sometimes combined. There are varieties of this plant with orange, yellow and red flowers, others with white, pink and lilac flowers, others are solid yellow, and so on.
If you like it and want to know how to grow a gazania at home and what care it needs, keep reading us in this Green Ecologist article where you will find one practical guide to gardening Over the gazania care.
Although this genus from southern Africa has 79 species described, when we talk about Gazania it is usual that we are referring specifically to the Gazania splendens, the most common of them in gardening and decoration.
It is a perennial plant, although it is often grown as an annual, which tends not to exceed the Height 20 cm. Due to its size, it is very common for it to be used to delimit spaces in gardens and even to replace grass in some areas. In pot it also brings a touch of beautiful and very distinctive color, since its brightly colored flowers are impossible to miss. The gazania bloom It occurs during the spring and reaches its maximum exponent during the summer and, if the conditions are suitable, it can last until mid or late autumn.
It is such an adaptable plant and so easy to care for that, in fact, it is common for it to spread naturally to pots or contiguous areas. Due to the ability of their flowers to close at night, gazanias are also sometimes called sleepers.
Despite the little care that this plant needs, it is advisable to follow some indications to make them look beautiful and resist as many seasons as possible. This is one practical guide to the care of gazania and then you will see more details about these.
Gazanias can be grown successfully both indoors and outdoors thanks to their Great adaptability. In fact, it is so common to see them embellishing flowerpots as they are part of massifs and borders in gardens of all kinds. However, a very important point in their care, and practically the only vital one, is that they need to be located at some point where they receive a good amount of sunlight.
If you leave them in the shade, their flowers will not open and the plant will produce less of these, the few that it has being decayed. So find them a particularly sunny spot in your yard or by a window that gets a good amount of sunshine.
Gazanias are native to a warm weather, but they can bear soft winters thanks to its adaptability. However, they will appreciate warm and very sunny environments. Remember that it will be in the sunniest climates in which your flowers will show all their beauty, if you place it in a area with plenty of sun. However, if you see that the tips of the leaves begin to burn, perhaps the sun in the strongest hours is too much for the plant and, even if it is in a warm climate, it will be better to put it in semi-shade.
These plants are made in dry climates, so they don't need a large amount of water to survive. In fact, it's best not to risk overwatering to avoid potential fungal or rot problems.
Water your gazanias when you notice that the substrate is dry Beyond its surface layer, in this way you will prevent excess watering. You can check it with a wooden stick or by sinking your finger a little, if between 3 and 5 cm it comes out dry you can water. Of course, in the hottest months do not neglect them too much: if you want your flowers to look beautiful and healthy, pay more attention to their watering this season.
Gazans are not picky with the type of soil or substrate they need. In fact, they do not even need the soil to be rich in organic matter, but the presence of this will help them to be in better shape. Add some humus or compost to the soil or substrate mixture and additionally Fertilize them every 15 days in the warm months. In this way, you will prolong its flowering.
Here we show you how to make worm castings and here how to make bocashi compost.
If you want to keep the plant with a abundant flowering and showy, it is very important to keep the gazanias free of dried petals, leaves and flowers. Remove any fallen parts from the substrate and prune the parts that are not in good condition. Thus, you will keep the plant active and help it direct its nutrients and energies to the creation of new flowers.
Also, remember to pay attention to the possible appearance of weeds, because they could rob your gazanias of their nutrients, so remove them as soon as you see them.
These are the main diseases and pests of Gazans:
In addition, we recommend you consult these Green Ecologist gardening guides on How to combat mildew and pests and plant diseases of plants: lists and how to eliminate them.
If you want to read more articles similar to Gazania care, we recommend that you enter our category of Cultivation and care of plants.