The echeveria plant, also called alabaster rose, is actually a whole genus of succulent plants that is part of the Crassulaceae family. However, when talking about the alabaster rose or the echeveria plant, the common thing is that we refer to the Echeveria elegans, the most common in gardening thanks to both its beauty and the great resistance that they display.
If you want to learn what the echeveria plant care To have it at home, join us in this Green Ecologist article where you will find a very practical guide.
The main characteristics of the echeveria plant are as follows:
Some of the main types of the echeveria plant are:
The echeveria plant is one of the plants that can change color easily. Here you can discover How to grow colored succulents.
In a small summary, we can indicate that these are the main cares of the echeveria plant:
Echeverías are a plant that needs to be in a space with lots of lighting, but they may not tolerate direct sun exposure in very hot climates or with very intense light.
Therefore, it is best place them outdoors, in an area with great lighting and where they receive a few hours of direct light, either early in the morning or in the afternoon, outside the hours of greatest sunshine at noon. In the garden, they are very commonly used to fill difficult spaces for other plants, with little soil or in rocky areas. Indoors, it is best to place them in a very well lit room, preferably near a window or light source that gives you a few hours of mild sunshine.
In principle, the echeveria is a temperate climate plant. This means that the ideal is that the temperature is maintained between 21 ºC and 27 ºC in the warm months, and that it does not drop much below 15 ºC in winter, at least for a long time. From time to time, it can withstand higher temperatures (although its leaves may burn if they receive too intense sun) or much lower temperatures, even mild frosts. These will not be fatal or overly damaging as long as they are fleeting, but long exposures can do a lot of damage to echeveria.
As with virtually all succulents, overwatering can become one of your main threats. The usual thing is to water once the surface layer of the substrate has been completely dry. Watering too much can cause your plant's roots to rot, leading to its death or great damage. A very common practice in this type of plants is the immersion irrigation, that is, put the entire pot in water for a few minutes, so that the plant takes the water it needs and the rest is filtered without further ado.
In addition, we recommend you read this other post about When to water the plants.
It is vital that the echeveria substrate offer a very good drainage, especially if we are going to water it by immersion, which is highly recommended. Use a succulent plant mix and add pearlite, or make your own with sand and pearlite. Outdoors, place it where rainwater does not accumulate, always avoiding puddles.
Here we explain how to make a substrate for cacti and succulents.
Like most plants, echeveria will need an occasional transplant. A good sign to know that this moment has come is when the roots of the plant poke through the holes in the pot for drainage. We explain more about when and how to transplant succulents in this other article as a practical guide.
Regarding maintenance, echeveria does not need pruning or special care, since, as we have said, it is a fairly resistant plant. Simply make sure that the drainage holes in the pot are not clogged so that excess water can be removed without problems and pay attention to dry or diseased parts to remove them immediately.
Finally, you can take a look at this other post by Green Ecologist in which we explain a little more about Growing succulent or succulent plants and, also, watch this summary video of our YouTube channel on the care of echeverias.
If you want to read more articles similar to Echeveria plant: care, we recommend that you enter our category of Cultivation and care of plants.