Ferns are one of the first plants that appeared on our planet, so they have a long evolution to adapt to their environment and survive. For this reason, it is very interesting to learn about the reproduction of ferns, which can occur in various ways, by itself or with our intervention if, for example, we want to take a plant equal to a fern that we have at home, propagating it to plant it in more places.
In this Green Ecologist article we will talk about the reproduction of ferns and what steps to take to get new stronger and more beautiful plants for your home. So if you want to discover How ferns reproduceWhether to study a summary on this botanical topic or to propagate your own plants, do not miss this information.
The first thing you need to know to understand how ferns reproduce and how are they born is that these plants have various propagation and multiplication systems. Specifically, they can reproduce in three ways: spores, cuttings and stolons, although they can also reproduce in vitro.
Ferns are seedless plants, so we will talk about the fern spores as the natural and primary form of sexual reproduction of these plants with millions of years of existence. This begins when the spore sacks mature and open to spread them through the wind. Of all of them, only those that find a place with the necessary conditions will begin their growth stage. The first form of the plant in its almost embryonic state is called prothalo, which does not usually measure more than 1.5 cm in length. The fern reproductionLike that of clubmoss and horsetails, it begins with the production of male and female gametes that, once fertilized, give rise to the egg or zygote from which a new plant will be born.
In the same way, there are also ferns capable of reproducing through their underground stems. In them, small protrusions are created that have a great resemblance to bulbs and that, once mature, fall to form another plant.
Finally, through asexual reproduction of ferns, the technique of fern bush division. In this way we make sure that we will obtain the same plant and without too much risk. Of course, when dividing ferns, it is necessary to ensure that the divisions have excess roots so that the plant can root quickly in its new container.
To learn more about this interesting topic of botany and gardening, we recommend you to know these other articles about the Reproduction of plants, What is asexual reproduction, its types and examples and What are spores.
Although the vast majority of ferns reproduce by spores, there are several types of ferns capable of reproducing by cuttings. To achieve this type of propagation from fern cuttings We are going to explain everything step by step to make it easier for you:
This other method of propagation of the fern is usually used in specific species, particularly in those that have fine stolons and elongated with several terminal buds. These, when they come into contact with the ground they produce suckers that later can separate and transplant, thus obtaining the new plant.
Generally, this method is used in greenhouses that have optimal degrees of air conditioning, around 25 ºC, and that have specific containers with peat and mulch, in addition to correcting the pH of this substrate with other substances, such as hydroxide calcic. The important thing is that, using this method, ferns can be produced throughout the year.
To finish, we explain how ferns reproduce with spores, a process that occurs by itself in nature worse than we can do at home, if what you want is to get new ferns from the one you already have at home:
Now that you know everything about how to reproduce ferns and how they do it in nature, thanks to their spores, we recommend you discover the different types of ferns and the care of ferns.
If you want to read more articles similar to How ferns reproduce, we recommend that you enter our Biology category.