The public administrations They must promote the use of sustainable transport systems, both in the field of goods and in the passenger sector. These efficient transport systems are the railway for people and goods and buses, for example.
In this Green Ecologist article we are going to talk in more detail about what is sustainable transport and to give some examples of this type of transport, both for people and for goods.
Sustainable passenger transport is today the one that receives the least aid from public administrations. The administrations do not favor it at all in terms of the concession in the budgets and give more importance to the construction from roads, than investment in public transport in general.
In spite of everything, the Spanish railway system has shown that with a certain level of investment, travelers can be gained. The clear commitment to commuter trains and the gradual introduction of high-speed services in some intercity routes It has caused the users of the railway to increase considerably. This increase has occurred at the expense of the road and the plane, two of the most polluting transport systems that have the most damaging social and territorial effects. This gives an idea of the great possibilities of rail transport (and also, obviously, of buses and coaches) to favor a sustainable transport system.
Regarding the transport from goodsIt has had to be the enormous congestion of the European motorways that made the public authorities aware of the need to strengthen the rail systems. It is worth mentioning two outstanding examples that have contributed to the sustainable transport of goods, such as the Channel Tunnel and the coordination of rail systems throughout Europe, since in their day they opened great possibilities for the growth of sustainable transport of goods by railroad in relations outside our country.
It is worth mentioning an example of what it was originally intended to be sustainable and it has ended up being totally the opposite. Las Rondas de Barcelona, as in many other cities, were presented in their day as the great solution to transport problems in the city, but over the years it has been possible to see how a weak transport infrastructure plan was carried out causing even more problems than those that already existed. The Rondas are collapsed for a good part of the day and the average speed of circulation in the center of Barcelona has decreased.
A sustainable transport project must be sustainable from its planning phase prior to execution, until the end, since otherwise it only remains in an ideal of sustainable transport, as is happening today in our country.
At present, our system from transport it has two major drawbacks. First of all, that it is a great energy eater. In our country, more than 40% of primary energy consumption is taken by the transport sector, ranking even above industrial and domestic consumption. Second, it is the pollution or diffuse social spending that it causes as it causes harmful emissions from gases and particles into the atmosphere, the occupation in urban areas of a scarce and expensive good such as public land, accidents and noise.
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