Houses that are in perfect harmony with the environment may simply be well-integrated constructions from a landscape point of view, but ecological architecture goes beyond that. Its advantages are not only related to finding that necessary harmony with the nature that surrounds them, but also with regard to the type of construction materials used or the carbon footprint they produce. On the basis that there is no commonly accepted definition of what a green buildingHowever, there is general agreement on how, based on its green characteristics, a series of advantages inherent to this type of plant can be derived. friendly architecture with the planet.
Minimum energy consumption, for example, is a characteristic fundamental of green buildings. Thus, since energy is a key polluting factor, a project that minimizes the use of energy will have a green plus, with the double advantage that it implies both for the budget and for the sustainability.
In turn, this low consumption should be translated concretely into the application of bioclimatic principles to prolong this lower pollution and energy expenditure once built, in its day-to-day life. Or, what is the same, it will be invested in renewable energy, in comfortable and healthy building materials, while preserving natural resources, you will save on electricity bills and even on medicines.
Thus, on the one hand, natural materials that require little industrial transformation will prevail, as well as recycled ones, as well as local ones, which save emissions produced by transport, while preserving resources and taking advantage of natural light, orientation of the house or, without going any further, the use of plants to create gardens that serve as natural insulators and help improve living standards. We could even cultivate a organic garden, with all the advantages that this entails.
Have decisions appropriate in this sense, that is, a successful sum of decisions of different kinds, but all related to sustainability and habitability, will help make the result as ecological as possible. This will result in a lower carbon footprint, as well as a economic savings, at welfare and, in the long term, also in the protection of the health of its occupants.
In general, the advantages of green architecture are much greater than the disadvantages (high cost, above all), although these should be taken into account to try to minimize them. In any case, even that higher price ends up being compensated and even profitable, especially if energy surpluses are produced through renewable energies.
The reduction of waste is another of the key aspects of ecological architecture, and also at this point the initial investments end up being advantageous, either thanks to the production of natural compost or recycling systems that are not only beneficial for the environment but also also for our pocket.
And the same is true of saving resources as basic as water. It is not only about saving money, but about collaborating so that future generations can enjoy a world, if not greener, at least not more polluted. Because not all the advantages are tangible, nor do they have to do with the here and now. That is why the wonderful, ineffable, invaluable sensation of contributing to a better world by acting in a conscious and decisive way cannot but be considered as a very great advantage of ecological architecture.
Photo credit: Modular System Architects: Luís Rebelo de Andrade & Diogo Aguiar
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