Wooden houses and sustainable housing construction

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Wood is a widely used material in the construction of sustainable homes, although modern ecological houses or even bioclimatic They have little to do with the typical house made by hand with wooden planks.

With them, sustainability is sought both through the certification of the wood itself and other materials, as well as when building an isolated space, which maximizes energy efficiency, significantly reducing costs compared to other conventional constructions.

There are many companies that are dedicated to building designer wooden houses, and their prices can be prohibitive or moderately accessible, depending on the type of house in question. Normally, the prefabricated and modular ones tend to be cheap, especially if we compare them with the exorbitant prices of the houses of brick Y cement, whose environmental impact is also much greater.

Ecological and sustainable

If we want to do it ourselves, either following traditional techniques or taking advantage of new materials and techniques from construction, It will be easier for us to request guidance and help from associations and groups that promote the construction of houses with natural materials such as wood, mud, straw or bamboo.

In general, the main advantages from build a wooden house is low cost, requires little energy and simple tools for its realization, as long as we do not have great pretensions. In addition, we will achieve a resistant structure and, with the proper treatments of the wood, a great durability.

The challenges, meanwhile, will be to achieve a Ecological house, sustainable and economical, with great thermal insulation, infiltration control and indoor air quality. In this sense, ventilated chambers will be applied in partitions and walls to further isolate the house.

Achieving satisfactory results will be possible through different systems used for wood construction, such as that based on a light framework or on counter-laminated panels, two of the most common.

The foundation, for its part, requires a prior geotechnical study so that the house is isolated from the ground and there are no weight problems or, in general, safety in relation to the type of floor. In this regard, it is convenient to have rigorous information.

Depending on your results, the type of wood will also be chosen since, for example, laminated wood will weigh less and will be convenient if the soil is rocky. Likewise, when choosing the wood, ideally it will be sought that it has the Technical Building Code (CTE), certified provenance - at least, the PEFC (International Forest Certification Association) seal - and sustainable, and is treated and protected.

Passive wooden houses

Some wooden log houses are built following the energy efficiency standards of the Passivhaus institute in Germany for the creation of "passive" houses, a name that refers to a series of characteristics that minimize the energy energy consumption and they look for indoor air quality, so aeration is also taken care of.

Although wood is a great natural insulator, a series of elements are added to this type of house that guarantee thermal insulation and control from infiltrations, as well as a use of solar energy, in order to avoid the use of air conditioners throughout the year.

Among other materials, natural cellulose is added that can come from recycled paper, while a strategic design of the enclosures is carried out with glazing reinforced with several sheets of glass, in order to achieve greater insulation.

Moreover, the procedures used in these houses certified by the Passivhaus institute can serve as a guide or inspiration when carrying out our own project.

Prefabricated and Modular Homes

The construction of a house using modules is much easier for the buyer, although it will be laborious to compare budgets and choose the most sustainable manufacturing systems.

Not surprisingly, for it to be a truly ecological option we have to inform ourselves in detail about all the materials that are going to be used, their origin and eco-friendly practices that will be applied during the manufacturing process.

Currently, the market offers prefabricated and modular wooden houses in which eco-certified and even recycled materials are used, designed in favor of energy efficiency and the use of natural resources.

Still, all that glitters is not gold. Do not confuse the use of non-toxic or innocuous materials with other sustainable ones due to their origin or recycling. Or, for example, let's take transport costs into account, as these often carry a significant carbon footprint. In any case, the means of transport chosen for the reception of construction material also influences.


When choosing its location, we need land, permission to build, which will entail an extra expense, which in no case will be higher than that of the construction of another type of house.

Curling the curl, if the houses from wood there would be a significant use of land and natural resources, although it would most likely be a trend that would demonstrate greater ecological awareness on the part of citizens. Therefore, in return, the planet would receive greater care in every way.

Be that as it may, the construction from houses from wood that follow ecological criteria oriented to sustainability and well-being, without a doubt, a commitment to a life and a more natural and respectful world with the environment.

If you want to read more articles similar to Wooden houses and sustainable housing construction, we recommend that you enter our category of Architecture and urbanism.

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