Costa Rica is a country admired for the great biodiversity that it presents in its territory, its 51,100 km2 are home to more than 95,000 described species. This would be approximately 5% of the described biodiversity of the planet. In addition, it is a country that is among the 20 countries with the greatest biodiversity in the world.
If you want to know what types of animals are in Costa Rica, as well as to know some examples of the flora of Costa Rica, be sure to read this interesting article by Ecologist Verde on the flora and fauna of Costa Rica.
On the one hand, Costa Rica plants They are one of the best known groups since they have been studied since the 19th century. These include non-vascular plants, lower vascular plants, ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. It can be said that almost 95% of the existing plant species are known.
On the other hand, in terms of fauna, it is difficult to answer questions such as how many species of animals there are in Costa Rica or how many species of birds Costa Rica harbors, for example. Actually, these are difficult questions to answer, since not all the species found in the territory have been described. However, this is currently the approximate number of species that have been recorded; 237 species of mammals, 234 of reptiles, 1,150 of fish, 854 of birds. This list has only mentioned vertebrate animals that, along with plants, within the fauna are the best known and studied. However, with respect to marine species, invertebrates and microorganisms, it is known that there is a high richness and variability of species, but they are the least known together with the species found in high altitude areas. In addition, as in all territories there are endemic species, but the endemism of Costa Rica is considered moderate.
Between Costa Rica vegetation we highlight the following species:
I enter the Costa Rica animals we highlight these species:
Other species of animals that characterize Costa Rica They are howler monkeys, sloth bears, pelicans, hummingbirds, toucans, iguanas, crocodiles, the monarch butterfly, scorpions, among others.
As mentioned above, Costa Rica is one of the 20 countries with the greatest biodiversity on the planet, which is why it is considered a megadiverse country. Biodiversity maintains a balance in ecosystems thanks to the interactions that exist between it and the species, in addition to the greater the biodiversity of a territory, the greater the ecosystem services that it provides. The Ecosystem services They are essential for the survival of any species, including the human species.
The following list shows animals of Costa Rica that are in danger of extinction, and have been cataloged by the IUCN:
If you want to read more articles similar to Flora and fauna of Costa Rica, we recommend that you enter our Biodiversity category.Bibliography