Humans for hundreds of years have studied ecosystems to better understand nature and the relationships that occur in it, between communities of living beings and the environment that surrounds them. Within the ecosystems we find 4 main types: terrestrial ecosystems, aquatic ecosystems, mixed ecosystems or artificial ecosystems. In this EcologiaVerde article we will talk about a type of terrestrial ecosystem called a forest ecosystem.
If you want to have more information about the forest ecosystem, continue reading this interesting article in which it will be shown what is the forest ecosystem, its characteristics, flora and fauna.
The forest ecosystem are areas in which they dominate the trees, in which there are biologically integrated communities of animals, plants and microorganisms forming the biocenosis or biotic group, and in turn these communities interact with the abiotic elements present (soils, climate, water …).
As has already been said, in this type of ecosystem trees predominate and they form forests, the forests inside of the forest ecosystem they act as a set of components as well as a set of ecosystem processes. If you want to learn more about the biomes called forests and the forest ecosystem, go ahead and read this other post about the different types of forests, their characteristics and photos.
A forest system is very diverse and its characteristics are equally varied. Below are the main characteristics of the forest ecosystem:
Of course, among its characteristics we must also highlight the flora and fauna of the forest ecosystem, but this part of the topic of the components of the forest ecosystem is broader and, therefore, we will talk about it in the next few lines.
The flora of the forest ecosystem It is very varied in terms of tree species, since these change depending on the climatic zone that is found. In the rainforests that are part of tropical forest ecosystems is where the greatest diversity of trees are found. On the other hand, it is in the sub-arctic forest ecosystem where the diversity is lower, although it is the taiga, a boreal forest with a large number of trees. There are also temperate and tropical ecosystems. Among the species of forest ecosystem plants, we can highlight the following:
Coniferous species are abundant in this type of ecosystem.
Here you can learn more about Araucarias or coniferous trees: types, names and characteristics.
Plants of temperate forest ecosystems
Angiosperm species and some species that have been cultivated such as olive or laurel are frequent in them.
Conifers are scarce and there are mainly diverse species of arboreal angiosperms. The families of Anacardiaceae, Lauraceae, Moraceae and legumes dominate. There are also fruit crops such as mango or cocoa.
As with flora, there is a great diversity of living organisms that are part of the fauna in this ecosystem and it also changes depending on the geographical location and climatic zone found. Some of the species of forest ecosystem animals:
There are bears, deer, wolves and elk. Species of owls, crows, some songbirds and cuckoos also predominate.
If you want to read more articles similar to Forest ecosystem: what is it, characteristics, flora and fauna, we recommend that you enter our Ecosystems category.