The prefix micro- forms words that refer to small things and, on the contrary, the prefix macro- forms words with the meaning of big or very big. This concept is also applied in the field of ecosystems, so we can speak of microecosystems and macroecosystems, which refer to two different types of ecosystems classified according to their size.
If you want to know what is a microecosystem and a macroecosystem and examples, continue reading this Green Ecologist article in which you will see a summary of this topic.
A microecosystem is one that develops in very small spaces or very small, that is, the territory where the interactions between biotope (geographic space characterized by certain environmental conditions) and biocenosis (organisms, animals and plants that inhabit the biotope) take place is barely a few centimeters. That is why the elements that are part of them, in general, are small to microscopic, and for their existence to be possible, specific conditions must be met.
Microecosystems change rapidly over time due to their size. In addition, in areas where extreme conditions occur, microecosystems can also form, since only some living beings are capable of living under these conditions.
Next, we will show some examples of microecosystems that can be found on the planet:
Macroecosystems span large spaces of the surface of the Earth, and in them you can find a great variety of plant and animal species. These large structures cover large geographic areas, and even in some cases occupy different climatic floors, as for example happens in boreal, temperate and tropical forests. Macroecosystems also undergo changes over time as occurs with smaller ecosystems, although these changes do not occur as fast and are found under different climatic conditions that change over time.
Knowing the macrosystems is important, since this way it is possible to know the functioning of the ecological and evolutionary processes, in addition, its conservation is also very important since they are being altered as a result of anthropic activities such as mining, deforestation , agriculture and intensive livestock, among others.
Next, we will show some examples of macroecosystems that can be found on the planet:
If you want to learn more about these topics, we recommend this other article by Green Ecologist about the types of ecosystems that exist.
If you want to read more articles similar to Microecosystem and macroecosystem: what they are and examples, we recommend that you enter our Ecosystems category.