7 natural regions of Asia - Map, characteristics and photos

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The Asian continent is very extensive, with an approximate area of 44,541,138 km2 it is the continent with the largest population and extension. Within its territory it is possible to find a great geographic biodiversity, this makes possible the existence of a great variety of climates, landscapes and natural resources.

If you want to know the characteristics of Asia in the natural environment and which are the regions that can be found, continue reading this interesting article by Green Ecologist in which the natural regions of Asia more representative.

Siberian plains

The Siberian plains are located in the north asian, exactly within the territories of the Russian Federation. Mainly, its physical environment is characterized by a very cold weather and it presents rivers with a large channel such as the Yenisei, the Obi and the Lena rivers.

In addition, their lands are very productive, making possible the cultivation of wheat, oats, rye, potatoes and sunflower, also in the southern steppes, goat and sheep farming is carried out. In this region the subsoil is exploited to obtain manganese, chromium, coal, nickel and oil, among other wealth.

Central deserts

The predominant climate in these desert territories is dry, that is, during the summer the heat is very intense and during the winter the weather is very cold. As for the rainfall in this Asian area, they are quite scarce. The rain shortage It influences the small number of rivers present and the little flow that they contain, such as the Sir Daria and the Amu Daria. In the central deserts of Asia, despite the scarcity of water, there are also crops of millet, wheat, barley and cotton, and there are oil exploitations of the Republics of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.

To learn more about the desert or desert Ecosystem, we encourage you to read this other post.

Eastern river plains

The river plains are located in eastern China and Indochina. Its physical environment is characterized by a mild weather to the South and to the center with the presence of strong summer winds that come from the East (they are called monsoons) and copious rains. To the north the weather is cold with heavy snowfalls during winter.

The land in the area is very fertile, and the major rivers to be found are Sungari, Amur, Yellow, Mekong, and Yangtse-Kiang. Barley, wheat, millet and soybean crops are located to the North, South and the center of cultivation. In addition, it has mineral resources such as oil.

Central core of the highlands

It is located mainly in Bhutan and Nepal, but also in a large area of China and border parts of Pakistan, India, Afghanistan and the Republics of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The prevailing climate in the low and middle zones is temperate and in the high ones it is cold.

In this territory the highest plateau in the world called Pamir, and the himalayan mountain rangeIt is also the highest on the planet, where Mount Everest is located. The crops present in this area are found in the mountains where the rivers flow and the climate is temperate, these are millet, wheat and corn.

Southern river plains

Another of the natural regions of Asia It is the area of the southern river plains. They are located mainly in the area of the great plain of Mesopotamia in Iraq, they are characterized by a tropical climate with rains in summer, with very rich soils in nutrients and the Euphrates, Indus, Ganges, Tigris and Brahmaputra rivers pass through them.

In this territory of the Asian continent there are millet, wheat, cotton and rice crops, in addition to being an area where there is a large oil production.

Jungle of the tropic of Ecuador

They are found in the Indochina and Malacca Peninsulas, on the islands of the Malay Archipelago, in southern India and on the island of Sri Lanka. The weather is warm and humid with abundant precipitations during almost the whole year in some areas.

Among the vegetation of the area of the tropical forests It presents a great variety of wood species, which is why it is used as an economic source. Millet, wheat, rice, soybean, tobacco, and sugar cane crops are common in this region. Malaysia and Indonesia are large producers of rubber and copra. In addition, the region has great wealth that are exploited such as zinc, nickel, bauxite, titanium, oil, iron, chromium and lead.

In this other post you can learn more about the Flora and fauna of tropical forests around the world.

Arid plains of the Southwest

The arid plains of the Southwest they are located on the plateaus of central Turkey and Iran and on the Arabian peninsula. The climate of this region is very hot in general throughout the year, less in winter than the climate is extremely cold. Rainfall is scarce and there are arid areas, with the presence of some deserts, and where oases are common.

The crops in the area are olive, citrus, vine and date. In the more desert areas, goat and sheep grazing is practiced. In addition, there are natural resources such as iron, coal, sulfur, potassium, oil, manganese and copper, oil being the one that provides great economic income, especially in Kuwait and Iran.

Now that you have known the natural regions of Asia, we advise you to also discover the Animals in danger of extinction in Asia to continue discovering more characteristics of this continent.

If you want to read more articles similar to Natural regions of Asia, we recommend that you enter our Ecosystems category.

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