112 BIRDS of RAPIÑA or PRETTY: Types, Names and Photos

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There are thousands of types of birds, but one of the most striking groups of birds that exist are raptors. These birds, also called birds of prey or birds of preyThey include a large number of species with imposing characteristics and admirable beauty.

In this Green Ecologist article we introduce you to the birds of prey: some types, 112 species names and their photos.

Birds of prey or raptors: main characteristics

The birds of prey, birds of prey or birds of prey have common characteristics, such as a strong claws with long nails and powerful muscles. They usually have a curved beak, strong and powerful. They usually have a large body, although their head is relatively small with large eyes. All these characteristics make them have an admirable and imposing beauty.

Usually, they feed on live prey, which depending on the size of the species you are can vary. For example, a small bird of prey such as the kestrel can capture small mammals, small birds and insects, while the golden eagle feeds on micro mammals, small mammals and larger mammals, which it kills with its powerful claws and beak. and cuts and tears its meat with its beak with great ease. In the image below you can see a bearded vulture feeding.

Here we leave you information about The great importance of birds for the environment.

Types of birds of prey, of prey or of prey

According to your habits you can differentiate two large groups of raptors. These are:

Nocturnal birds of prey

Within this group are included strigids (owls) and titónids (owls). They are characterized by having adaptations to improve their hearing capacity and to reduce the noise they make when flying.

These birds live at night, when the sense of hearing is much more important than that of sight. Their face is rounded and their beak is short, which is important for concentrating the sound of their prey a lot, so they are very sensitive to small movements.

Diurnal birds of prey

This group of birds are more diverse than the nocturnal ones. Among the diurnal raptors, the best known are the Eagles, which are the largest hunting birds and inhabit all ecosystems, or hawks and kestrels, which are among the fastest birds on the planet.

A special type of diurnal raptor are the ghouls, that they feed on carrion but they do not kill their prey. They are very heavy and large birds, such as vultures or condors. In this other Green Ecologist article we explain more about What are scavengers with examples.

We'll see now 112 examples of birds of prey and their photos.

Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)

It is one of the best known raptors and widely distributed throughout the world, as it is found in North and Central America, Eurasia and North Africa. Some important populations are found in Great Britain, Japan, Vancouver, and the Mediterranean. The populations of the Golden Eagle in Central Europe they have been reduced due to human activity.

Eagle owl (Bubo bubo)

Large bird of prey or prey that is distributed by several zones of Asia, Africa and Europe. It is common in Northwest Europe and in the Mediterranean area, such as the Iberian Peninsula. Due to the easy captive breeding of the eurasian eagle owl It is commonly used in falconry.

Torgo vulture (Torgos tracheliotus)

Is a oversized bird of prey typical of Africa and characterized by its neck devoid of feathers and pink tints, similar to a turkey. It has a powerful beak, large and more massive than in other species of vultures, which allows the torgo vulture ripping and piercing the skin and muscles of dead animals.

Common hawk (Accipiter nisus)

The common hawk is a bird of prey or raptor common throughout Eurasia, from Spain to Japan, and characterized by its bluish-gray color with orange stripes dorsally. Although it is small in size, it is a great hunter.

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

Without a doubt, it is one of the better known birds of prey or raptors. It can be found all over the planet and its adults have a blue-gray back with a black head. It is the fastest bird in the world, reaching over 300 km per hour. The females of the Peregrine falcon They are larger than males and are a species that feeds on reptiles, small mammals, and insects.

European owlet (Athene noctua)

It is a bird only 25 cm long and inhabits African and European regions. The european owl It is characterized by its yellow eyes, its pair of rounded wings, like the rest of its body with brown plumage and white spots.

Barn owl (Tyto alba)

This bird lives on the five continents, mainly in rural areas, meadows with medium vegetation and cultivated fields. Is a medium nocturnal bird of prey. The shape of the face of the barn owl allows you great hearing acuity.

Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)

Medium raptor with a greyish brown head and russet colored wings with black spots. The common kestrel It inhabits much of Europe, Asia and Africa, where it prefers small bushes and open fields.

Common Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)

It is a bird that can resemble a hawk or a hawk, but it is more related to eagles. The common goshawk It can reach between 100 and 150 cm in length and has a plumage of blackish or brown tones and a white belly with darker bands. It has short wings to move through mountainous areas and dense forests of Eurasia and America.

Andean condor (Vultur gryphus)

Is a large bird, black and with white feathers on the neck and wings. It lacks feathers on its head, which are normally red and can vary in color depending on its emotional state. It lives in South America, especially in the Andes Mountains.

Here we tell you everything about why the condor is in danger of extinction.

Buzzard (Buteo buteo)

The buzzard buzzard is a bird of prey median of Central Europe. It has a compact appearance and plumage between dark brown and white tones. This raptor inhabits Central European meadows, heaths and fields.

Bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus)

It is a vulture with certain differences from other raptors. Its name comes from its habit of lifting bones and shells and throwing them against rocks to break them and feed on them. It is in danger of extinction in Europe, where it can be seen in the Cantabrian Mountains, the Pyrenees and the Alps. It is also found in North Africa, South Africa, and Greece.

Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

The fishing eagle It is a medium-sized raptor that lives on all continents except Antarctica, although in South America it is a non-nesting migratory bird. Here you can learn more about the migratory birds and other migrating animal species.

List of other names of birds of prey or of prey

The following are the names of birds of prey from around the world:

  • Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca)
  • Iberian imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti)
  • Snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus)
  • Secretary (Sagittarius serpentarius)
  • Eleonor's hawk (Falco eleonorae)
  • Vociferous pigargo (Haliaeetus vocifer)
  • Maori hawk (Falco novaeseelandiae)
  • Bonelli's Eagle (Aquila fasciata)
  • Great horned owlLophostrix cristata)
  • Mexican hawk or pale hawk (Falco mexicanus)
  • Blewitt's Owl (Athene blewitti / Heteroglaux blewitti)
  • European alcotán (Falco subbuteo)
  • Royal Condor (Sarcoramphus papa)
  • Spotted owlStrix occidentalis)
  • Raptor eagleAquila rapax)
  • Long-eared owlAsio otus)
  • Costa Rican little owl (Glaucidium costaricanum)
  • Gyrfalcon or Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)
  • Desert owlBubo ascalaphus)
  • Kaffir EagleAquila verreauxii)
  • Merlin (Falco columbarius)
  • Long-eared owlAsio or Pseudoscops clamator)
  • Burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia)
  • White-eyed kestrel (Falco rupicoloides)
  • Eastern Alcotán (Falco severus)
  • Guatemalan scops owl (Megascops guatemalae)
  • Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug)
  • Red-breasted hawk or large black hawk (Falco deiroleucus)
  • Jungle owlGlaucidium radiatum)
  • Great Horned Owl or American Eagle Owl (Bubo virginianus)
  • Tagarote hawk (Falco pelegrinoides)
  • African goshawk eagle (Aquila spilogaster)
  • Philippine owl (Bubo philippensis)
  • Hawk tawny owl (Surnia howls)
  • Yággar hawk (Falco jugger)
  • Australian kestrel (Falco cenchroides)
  • Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis)
  • Moorish owlAsio capensis)
  • Lead hawk (Falco femoralis)
  • Aura sabanera (Cathartes burrovianus)
  • Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni)
  • Pearl owlGlaucidium perlatum)
  • Bat hawk (Falco rufigularis)
  • Bold eagleAquila audax)
  • Bengal Eagle Owl (Bubo bengalensis)
  • American red-headed vulture (Cathartes aura)
  • Griffon vultureGyps fulvus)
  • Spotted EagleClanga clanga)
  • Harpy Eagle or Greater Harpy (Harpia harpyja)
  • Guatemalan owl (Glaucidium cobanense)
  • Moluccan Eagle (Aquila gurneyi)
  • Owl or brown tawny owl (Strix virgata / Ciccaba virgata)
  • Andean owl (Glaucidium jardinii)
  • Spectacled owlPulstrix perspicillata)
  • Alcotán turumti (Falco chicquera)
  • Chuncho (Glaucidium nana)
  • Borní hawk (Falco biarmicus)
  • Berigora hawk (Falco berigora)
  • Australian alcotán (Falco longipennis)
  • Hindu spotted eagle (Clanga hastata)
  • Milky owl or Verreaux's owl (Bubo lacteus)
  • Taita's Hawk (Falco fasciinucha)
  • Unicolor alcotán or opaque or slate hawk (Falco concolor)
  • Jungle aura (Cathartes melambrotus)
  • California condor (Gymnogyps californianus)
  • Great horned owl or nacurutú (Bubo virginianus nacurutu)
  • Slate or gray kestrel (Falco ardosiaceus)
  • Mauritian Kestrel (Falco punctatus)
  • Siguapa, ciguapa or blackish owl (Asio stygius)
  • Pomeranian Eagle (Clanga pomarina)
  • Black-backed kestrel or Dickinson's kestrel (Falco Dickinsoni)
  • Country owlAsio flammeus)
  • Kestrel of Madagascar (Falco Newtoni)
  • Malayan Eagle Owl (Bubo sumatranus)
  • American black vulture (Coragyps atratus)
  • Peaceful ScopshotMegascops cooperi)
  • Malagasy Kestrel (Falco zoniventris)
  • Magellanic owl or great horned owl (Bubo magellanicus)
  • Saguaro owl or dwarf owl (Micrathene whitneyi)
  • Red-legged kestrelFalco vespertinus)
  • Lesser KestrelFalco alopex)
  • Nduk owl, Guinea owl or Fraser's owl (Bubo poensis)
  • Vermiculated owl or ashy owl (Bubo cinerascens)
  • Cape Owl (Bubo capensis)
  • Choliba Scops (Megascops choliba)
  • Little or alpine owl (Glaucidium passerinum)
  • Cinnamon owlAegolius harrisii)
  • Kestrel of the Seychelles Islands (Falco araeus)
  • Red-breasted owlGlaucidium tephronotum)
  • African alcotán (Falco cuvierii)
  • Striped owlBubo shelleyi)
  • Gnome owlGlaucidium gnoma)
  • Amazon owl (Glaucidium hardyi)
  • Minimal owl (Glaucidium minutissimum)
  • Necked owl (Glaucidium brodiei)
  • Central American owl (Glaucidium griseiceps)
  • Little caburé or caburé owl (Glaucidium brasilianum)
  • Cape Owl (Glaucidium capense)
  • Rusty busardo or ferruginous hawk (Buteo regalis)

Here you can see a photo gallery of birds of prey, raptors or prey from this list. They are arranged in the same order as the names on this list.

If you want to read more articles similar to 112 birds of prey or raptors: types, names and photos, we recommend that you enter our Wild Animals category.

Photos of 112 birds of prey or raptors: types, names and photos

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