Animals of the African Savannah - Names and Photos

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Surely if they ask you about the animals that live in this biome, some scenes from The Lion King come to mind, from which you can get a lot of information to answer this question. However, apart from lions, like Simba, meerkats, like Timon, and warthogs, like Pumbaa, what else can you tell us?

So that you learn much more, at Ecologista Verde we have prepared this article in which we talk about the animals of the african savanna so that it is easier for you to remember.

The African savanna

The savannah is a biome found in tropical and subtropical zones, in regions such as the central part of Africa, the best known, Asia, Australia and South America. They are usually transitional areas between jungles and semi-deserts.

It is characterized by the predominance of herbaceous vegetation and an arboreal-shrub layer in which the arboreal part has little coverage, either because the trees are small or because they are very dispersed, facilitating that the herbaceous layer is continuous and large. height.

A typical feature is the alternation between a wet season and a dry season, although above all they are environments of dry tropical climates.

Types of animals of the African savannah

There is a great variety of animals that inhabit the savannah and that vary depending on the area where the biome is located. In the case of the African savanna, the one that really concerns our article and with which people are most familiar, is the habitat that is home to a great variety of animal species. These are the two types of animals of the african savanna main, according to their diet.

Herbivores of the African savanna

Many of the animals that we find in the African savannah are large herbivores, which is due to these large amounts of herbaceous stratum that occur in the savanna and to the adaptation of these animals to feed on very varied plants. These animals also migrate during the dry season. As a general rule, the offspring of these herbivorous animals are very precocious and develop quickly, for example, they walk shortly after birth. In addition, the herd protects them from predators. Some Examples of herbivorous animals from the African savannah are:

  • Zebras
  • Horses
  • Wildebeest
  • Antelope
  • Deer
  • Gazelles
  • Giraffes
  • Rhinos
  • Elephants
  • Buffalo
  • Ostriches
  • Okapi

These animals have developed a multitude of strategies to avoid predators, such as the great speed of gazelles and ostriches, the great height of giraffes that allows them to see predators from great distances, or the size and strength of the elephant. that keeps potential hunting animals away.

Predators of the African savannah

It is clear, where there are a large number of herbivorous animals, there will be predators. In the savannah there is also a great variety of predators such as the following:

  • Lions
  • Cheetahs
  • Leopards
  • Hyenas
  • Wild dogs
  • Black mamba

The latter, the black mamba, is highly feared and rightly so, as it is the most poisonous snake in Africa. These predatory animals, like herbivores, developed strategies to avoid them, they have also adopted strategies to counteract those of herbivores. A clear example is the great speed that the cheetah can reach, the fastest animal in the world on land, although it cannot maintain this speed for long while chasing its prey. Another example is that of lions and hyenas, carnivores that, due to their status as social animals, hunt the weakest animals in groups, far removed from the herd and the protection it provides.

Mammals of the African savanna

Most of the best known animals in the African savanna belong to the group of mammals. Some of the savanna mammals are:

  • Primates, such as the legged monkey, the vermicelli, or baboons.
  • Herbivorous ungulates, previously discussed, such as zebras, antelopes, impalas, African elk, giraffe, gazelle, wildebeest, rhinoceros, elephant, buffalo, or hippopotamus.
  • Carnivores such as lions, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, jackals, foxes or mongooses, such as the famous meerkats.
  • Insectivores that base their diets, above all, on ingesting termites such as the aardvark, the giant pangolin or the land wolf.
  • The warthog or warthog, which is in fact the Pumbaa wild boar from The Lion King.

Birds of the African savannah

In the African savanna we can also find various species of birds What:

  • Birds of the group of ratites, such as ostrich, the great running bird.
  • The SagittariusSagittarius serpentarius), a bird of prey that hunts from the ground.
  • It features scavenging birds such as the marabou, some vultures, such as the white-backed vulture or the shadowy Egyptian vulture.
  • Mouse birds (Colius striatus).
  • Starlings
  • Weavers, who make their nests with long stems of the herbaceous layer, such as the masked weaver (Ploceus velatus) or the white-headed buffalo weaver or white-headed buffalo (Syncerus caffer), whose name comes from their custom of accompanying and following African buffaloes during their journeys.
  • Common quelea (Quela quelea), considered a pest in agriculture comparable to the effect that locusts have on it.

Reptiles of the African savannah

Some representatives of this group of cold-blooded animals that can be found in these ecosystems are the following savanna reptile species:

  • Sulcata tortoise.
  • African crocodile. Although it lives in rivers, lakes, ponds, and forest swamps in western and central Africa, it also makes forays into the dry savannas.
  • Snakes like the black mamba, previously mentioned.

African savanna insects

Last but not least, since the savannah is mostly inhabited by them, are the insects, which during the dry season also migrate long distances, as they feed on the vegetation in the area.

Between the most important insects of the savannah there are ants, grasshoppers and termites, which sometimes build tall termite mounds, as we can see in the image below. But in this group we also find the most dangerous mosquitoes in the world, transmitting serious diseases such as malaria and yellow fever. Flies such as the tsetse fly also stand out, which kills a large part of the cattle and transmits the Trypanosoma gambiense, causing "sleeping sickness". Other insects that can be found in the African savanna are beetles, such as the dung beetle, crickets or horseflies.

After having met all these animals of the African savannah, we encourage you to learn more by reading this other article by Green Ecologist on Animals in danger of extinction in Africa.

If you want to read more articles similar to African savanna animals, we recommend that you enter our Wild Animals category.

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