What is the energy transition - Summary

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Surely lately you have heard a lot about the concept of energy transition, although it is not a current term, over time there have been several, such as, for example: in the nineteenth century an energy transition occurred in society when going from charcoal wood, or in the twentieth century, when oil began to be used as an energy source. However, at present, there is an urgent need for a new energy transition towards more environmentally friendly energies and the investment and development of more efficient technologies.

If you want to know what is the energy transition And why this is so important for the fight against climate change, be sure to read this interesting article by Ecologist Verde in which it will be explained in detail.

What is the energy transition or transition of energies

The energy transition is nothing other than the change in energy systems long-term that can be related to a factor or a combination of various factors, such as the economic scale, energy policy or the structure of the system.

They have already occurred in the past and continue to occur today. A clear example is when the step was taken from the pre-industrial system (renewable energies and traditional biomass), to the industrial system (use of coal and steam energy).

Differences between non-renewable energy and renewable energy

Most of the energy we consume comes from non-renewable energies and to a lesser extent from renewable energies, but, What is the difference between renewable and non-renewable energy?

  • Renewable energies are generated with renewable resources, that is, they are renewed faster than their exploitation and can be found in large quantities (water, wind or sun). However, non-renewables are produced with resources that are regenerated in less time than their exploitation, thus being limited (oil or coal).
  • The cost of obtaining non-renewable resources is higher than that of renewable resources.
  • Renewable energies are more beneficial to the environment than non-renewable energies, however, on some occasions their infrastructures can create an environmental impact, such as wind farms or hydroelectric plants.

Here you can read more about renewable and non-renewable energy: examples and summary.

Advantages of renewable energies

The promotion and development of renewable energies are the foundations for a energy transition towards an energy model that respects the environment thanks to the advantages they offer. The advantages of this type of energy are:

  • In general, non-renewable resources to produce renewable energy can be found all over the planet.
  • Do not generate greenhouse gases.
  • Non-renewable resources to generate renewable energy are inexhaustible, since they regenerate at a time greater than that of their exploitation. An example of these resources can be the wind or the sun, which produce wind and solar energy.

To find out more, you can read these other Green Ecologist articles on What are renewable energies and Renewable energies: which are the most important?

Energy transition in Spain

Spain has defined 3 strategic axes of the Energy TransitionThese are: sustainable mobility, energy rehabilitation and efficiency and the development of renewable energies. These three axes are focused to achieve the following decarbonization objectives:

  • By 2030, 70% of the electrical energy generated is expected to come from renewable sources.
  • Improvement of energy efficiency by reducing primary energy consumption by at least 35% with respect to the baseline according to community regulations by 2030.
  • Obtain 35% of renewable energy in energy consumption by the end of 2030 and 100% in the generation of the national electricity system by 2050.
  • 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and 100% carbon neutral by 2050.

We encourage you to read more about renewable energies in Spain in this other post.

Energy transition in other countries

There are more and more countries that are in favor of an energy transition with the objective of curb climate change. Among them and some of the existing initiatives we find:

  • Brazil that is betting more and more on energy efficiency and renewable energies.
  • Argentina is a country in which the Renewable Energy Development Fund appears as the main financing mechanism for the development of projects that bet on renewable energies.
  • Uruguay is among the most advanced Latin American countries in the energy transition, thanks to the wide availability of natural resources.
  • The UK is electrifying transport, making industries sustainable, using hydrogen and investing in energy efficiency.
  • China has had its strong point in the electrification of the transport sector.
  • Much of the European Union is based on the implementation of the European Green Deal whose main objective is to promote a clean, circular and climate-neutral economy.

If you want to read more articles similar to What is the energy transition, we recommend that you enter our category of Renewable Energies.

  • Energy Division / Department of Infrastructure and Energy. Inter-American Development Bank. The role of the energy transition in the sustainable recovery of Latin America and the Caribbean. Retrieved from: https://publications.iadb.org/publications/spanish/document/El-papel-de-la-transicion-energetica-en-la-recuperacion-sostenible-de-America-Latina-y-el-Caribe .pdf
  • Teams of FGV Energía and Konrad Adenauer Stiftung. A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ENERGY TRANSITION IN LATIN AMERICA AND EUROPE. Recovered from: https://www.kas.de/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=60691a11-3ba7-d739-5de6-06df4600f994&groupId=252038
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