From Ecologist Verde we want to teach you everything about the perfect symbiosis between fungi and plants. Mycorrhizae are a whole field of research and a field to be exploited to facilitate and favor not only the care of many types of plants, but also to ensure a greener future for our planet.
In this article you will learn what are mycorrhizae and their types, as well as what is the mycorrhization process and all the advantages that this exchange of nutrients so beneficial for plants and fungi entails.
Mycorrhizae are called symbiotic and mutual associations that are created between plant roots terrestrial and certain types of soil fungi. These were discovered in 1885 and attracted the attention of experts for their exceptional and effective relationship to date. So much so, that it is estimated that more than 97% of plant species that exist on the earth's surface are mycorrhized.
We call mycorrhization the process, natural or artificial, which consists of putting an actively growing root in contact with some type of mycorrhizal fungus. This fusion is carried out through an inoculation process thanks to the use of spores or mycelium.
During the mycorrhization process, if it is produced by the induction of the human hand, some key factors for the success of the symbiosis are always taken into account. Among these factors, it is very important to check the age and physiological state of both the plant and the fungus. In addition, it should be avoided that other varieties of fungi are present that can interfere with mycorrhization. Finally, as steps to follow in a natural way, look at the pH of the soil, the water or the available nutrients before continuing with the process.
You should also know that not all plants are compatible or accept the mycorrhization process. Currently, some families of plants that are compatible with them from the cruciferous to the urticaceae, even through the sedge. In addition, great results have been achieved with mycorrhization with legumes and citrus plants.
These are the different types of mycorrhizae:
As you have seen so far, mycorrhizae are part of a very interesting symbiosis process. To expand this information, we go on to cite the main advantages of mycorrhization:
For all the aforementioned, it is not surprising that mycorrhizae are currently used with one of the best tools for gardening, as well as to repopulate deforested areas and improve soils degraded by climate change and the hand of man.
To finish, we leave a list of examples of fungi that make mycorrhizae with the roots of plants:
If you like the world of fungi and that of vegetables or plants, you can learn more about them in these other articles by Green Ecologist about the Fungi Kingdom: what it is, characteristics, classification and examples and the Plantae Kingdom: what it is, characteristics, classification and examples.
In addition, here below we leave you a video about the symbiosis so that you understand even better the relationship of mycorrhizae.
If you want to read more articles similar to Mycorrhizae: what are they and types, we recommend that you enter our Biology category.